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Education Administrators, Postsecondary

Education Administrators, Postsecondary

Overview
Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Experience

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

Education

Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

Job Training

Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

Examples

These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include pharmacists, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, neurologists, and veterinarians.

Plan, direct, or coordinate student instruction, administration, and services, as well as other research and educational activities, at postsecondary institutions, including universities, colleges, and junior and community colleges.

Salary Salary

Salary at 10th Percentile: $56K
Salary at 25th Percentile: $72K
Median Salary: $97K
Salary at 75th Percentile: $139K
Salary at 90th Percentile: $199K

Demand
Career Demand by State Career Demand by State Legend
Core Tasks

Appoint individuals to faculty positions, and evaluate their performance.

Direct activities of administrative departments, such as admissions, registration, and career services.

Develop curricula, and recommend curricula revisions and additions.

Design or use assessments to monitor student learning outcomes.

Recruit, hire, train, and terminate departmental personnel.

Consult with government regulatory and licensing agencies to ensure the institution's conformance with applicable standards.

Direct, coordinate, and evaluate the activities of personnel, including support staff engaged in administering academic institutions, departments, or alumni organizations.

Advise students on issues such as course selection, progress toward graduation, and career decisions.

Participate in student recruitment, selection, and admission, making admissions recommendations when required to do so.

Formulate strategic plans for the institution.

Plan, administer, and control budgets, maintain financial records, and produce financial reports.

Determine course schedules, and coordinate teaching assignments and room assignments to ensure optimum use of buildings and equipment.

Establish operational policies and procedures and make any necessary modifications, based on analysis of operations, demographics, and other research information.

Provide assistance to faculty and staff in duties such as teaching classes, conducting orientation programs, issuing transcripts, and scheduling events.

Represent institutions at community and campus events, in meetings with other institution personnel, and during accreditation processes.

Prepare reports on academic or institutional data.

Promote the university by participating in community, state, and national events or meetings, and by developing partnerships with industry and secondary education institutions.

Participate in faculty and college committee activities.

Teach courses within their department.

Review registration statistics, and consult with faculty officials to develop registration policies.

Review student misconduct reports requiring disciplinary action, and counsel students regarding such reports.

Confer with other academic staff to explain and formulate admission requirements and course credit policies.

Direct and participate in institutional fundraising activities, and encourage alumni participation in such activities.

Direct scholarship, fellowship, and loan programs, performing activities such as selecting recipients and distributing aid.

Coordinate the production and dissemination of university publications, such as course catalogs and class schedules.

Write grants to procure external funding, and supervise grant-funded projects.

Plan and promote sporting events and social, cultural, and recreational activities.

Audit the financial status of student organizations and facility accounts.

Oversee facilities management for the university, including construction, repair, and maintenance projects.

Technology Skills
Technology
Example
Hot Technology
Accounting software
Fund accounting software
Analytical or scientific software
SAS
Business intelligence and data analysis software
IBM Cognos Impromptu
Computer based training software
Moodle
Customer relationship management CRM software
Blackbaud The Raiser's Edge
Data base reporting software
SAP BusinessObjects Crystal Reports
Data base user interface and query software
Microsoft Access
Desktop communications software
ParentSquare
Desktop publishing software
Microsoft Publisher
Electronic mail software
Microsoft Outlook
Enterprise resource planning ERP software
SunGard Higher Education Banner Unified Digital Campus
Facilities management software
CollegeNET Schedule 25
Graphics or photo imaging software
Microsoft Visio
Human resources software
Human resource management software HRMS
Instant messaging software
GroupMe
Internet browser software
Web browser software
Mobile messaging service software
Intrado SchoolMessenger
Office suite software
Microsoft Office
Presentation software
Microsoft PowerPoint
Project management software
Microsoft Project
Spreadsheet software
Microsoft Excel
Video conferencing software
Google Meet
Video creation and editing software
YouTube
Web page creation and editing software
Social media sites
Web platform development software
Hypertext markup language HTML
Word processing software
Google Docs
Tools Used
Tool
Example
Audio and visual presentation and composing equipment
Liquid crystal display LCD video projectors
Components for information technology or broadcasting or telecommunications
Universal serial bus USB flash drives
Computer Equipment and Accessories
Personal computers
Top 10 Knowledge Required
English Language
87%
Importance

Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

Administration and Management
84%
Importance

Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

Education and Training
83%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

Customer and Personal Service
82%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

Personnel and Human Resources
68%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.

Clerical
66%
Importance

Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.

Computers and Electronics
65%
Importance

Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

Communications and Media
64%
Importance

Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.

Mathematics
62%
Importance

Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

Psychology
62%
Importance

Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

Top 10 Skills
Critical Thinking
83%
Importance

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Reading Comprehension
83%
Importance

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Active Listening
80%
Importance

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Instructing
80%
Importance

Teaching others how to do something.

Monitoring
80%
Importance

Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Speaking
80%
Importance

Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Time Management
80%
Importance

Managing one's own time and the time of others.

Writing
80%
Importance

Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Active Learning
78%
Importance

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Complex Problem Solving
78%
Importance

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Top 10 Abilities
Oral Expression
83%
Importance

The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Problem Sensitivity
83%
Importance

The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Written Comprehension
83%
Importance

The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Written Expression
83%
Importance

The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Inductive Reasoning
80%
Importance

The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Oral Comprehension
80%
Importance

The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Speech Clarity
80%
Importance

The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.

Speech Recognition
80%
Importance

The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.

Deductive Reasoning
78%
Importance

The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Originality
78%
Importance

The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.

Top 10 Work Activities
Making Decisions and Solving Problems
94%
Importance

Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.

Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships
89%
Importance

Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.

Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
88%
Importance

Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.

Getting Information
88%
Importance

Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work
87%
Importance

Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.

Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards
84%
Importance

Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.

Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
83%
Importance

Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.

Thinking Creatively
83%
Importance

Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

Developing Objectives and Strategies
82%
Importance

Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.

Analyzing Data or Information
81%
Importance

Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

Detailed Work Activities

Administer tests to assess educational needs or progress.

Prepare tests.

Conduct employee training programs.

Hire personnel.

Recruit personnel.

Evaluate employee performance.

Supervise employees.

Advise others on career or personal development.

Prepare financial documents, reports, or budgets.

Prepare operational budgets.

Develop operating strategies, plans, or procedures.

Develop organizational policies or programs.

Schedule activities or facility use.

Prepare forms or applications.

Represent the organization in external relations.

Prepare operational reports or records.

Prepare reports detailing student activities or performance.

Direct administrative or support services.

Manage human resources activities.

Develop educational goals, standards, policies, or procedures.

Recommend organizational process or policy changes.

Communicate with government agencies.

Prepare staff schedules or work assignments.

Teach classes in area of specialization.

Analyze data to inform operational decisions or activities.

Confer with organizational members to accomplish work activities.

Manage outreach activities.

Manage operations, research, or logistics projects.

Prepare proposals or grant applications to obtain project funding.

Coordinate special events or programs.

Conduct financial or regulatory audits.

Direct facility maintenance or repair activities.

Work Context
Electronic Mail

How often do you use electronic mail in this job?

Face-to-Face Discussions

How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?

Indoors, Environmentally Controlled

How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?

Telephone

How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?

Structured versus Unstructured Work

To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?

Work With Work Group or Team

How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?

Freedom to Make Decisions

How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?

Contact With Others

How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?

Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results

What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?

Frequency of Decision Making

How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?

Education
Majors
Major
Educational Administration and Supervision
Health and Medical Administrative Services
Health Professions Education, Ethics, and Humanities
Business Administration, Management and Operations
Multiple-Pathway Medical Fellowship Programs
Interests
Enterprising
100%
Importance

Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

Conventional
72%
Importance

Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Social
67%
Importance

Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

Artistic
43%
Importance

Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

Investigative
43%
Importance

Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

Realistic
15%
Importance

Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

Top 10 Work Styles
Initiative
93%
Importance

Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

Integrity
93%
Importance

Job requires being honest and ethical.

Dependability
92%
Importance

Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

Leadership
92%
Importance

Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

Cooperation
91%
Importance

Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

Achievement/Effort
89%
Importance

Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.

Persistence
89%
Importance

Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.

Self Control
88%
Importance

Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.

Adaptability/Flexibility
87%
Importance

Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

Attention to Detail
87%
Importance

Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

Work Values
Independence
91%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Achievement
86%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Relationships
86%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

Working Conditions
84%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Recognition
77%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Support
62%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.