A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.
Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include real estate brokers, sales managers, database administrators, graphic designers, chemists, art directors, and cost estimators.
Plan, direct, or coordinate clinical research projects. Direct the activities of workers engaged in clinical research projects to ensure compliance with protocols and overall clinical objectives. May evaluate and analyze clinical data.
Salary at 10th Percentile: $71K
Salary at 25th Percentile: $101K
Median Salary: $137K
Salary at 75th Percentile: $190K
Salary at 90th Percentile: $208K
Schedule subjects for appointments, procedures, or inpatient stays as required by study protocols.
Assess eligibility of potential subjects through methods such as screening interviews, reviews of medical records, or discussions with physicians and nurses.
Perform specific protocol procedures such as interviewing subjects, taking vital signs, and performing electrocardiograms.
Prepare study-related documentation, such as protocol worksheets, procedural manuals, adverse event reports, institutional review board documents, or progress reports.
Inform patients or caregivers about study aspects and outcomes to be expected.
Monitor study activities to ensure compliance with protocols and with all relevant local, federal, and state regulatory and institutional polices.
Oversee subject enrollment to ensure that informed consent is properly obtained and documented.
Record adverse event and side effect data and confer with investigators regarding the reporting of events to oversight agencies.
Dispense medical devices or drugs, and calculate dosages and provide instructions as necessary.
Maintain required records of study activity including case report forms, drug dispensation records, or regulatory forms.
Identify protocol problems, inform investigators of problems, or assist in problem resolution efforts, such as protocol revisions.
Review proposed study protocols to evaluate factors such as sample collection processes, data management plans, or potential subject risks.
Collaborate with investigators to prepare presentations or reports of clinical study procedures, results, and conclusions.
Code, evaluate, or interpret collected study data.
Track enrollment status of subjects and document dropout information such as dropout causes and subject contact efforts.
Direct the requisition, collection, labeling, storage, or shipment of specimens.
Instruct research staff in scientific and procedural aspects of studies including standards of care, informed consent procedures, or documentation procedures.
Maintain contact with sponsors to schedule and coordinate site visits or to answer questions about issues such as incomplete data.
Prepare for or participate in quality assurance audits conducted by study sponsors, federal agencies, or specially designated review groups.
Arrange for research study sites and determine staff or equipment availability.
Order drugs or devices necessary for study completion.
Contact outside health care providers and communicate with subjects to obtain follow-up information.
Interpret protocols and advise treating physicians on appropriate dosage modifications or treatment calculations based on patient characteristics.
Participate in the development of study protocols including guidelines for administration or data collection procedures.
Communicate with laboratories or investigators regarding laboratory findings.
Confer with health care professionals to determine the best recruitment practices for studies.
Contact industry representatives to ensure equipment and software specifications necessary for successful study completion.
Register protocol patients with appropriate statistical centers as required.
Review scientific literature, participate in continuing education activities, or attend conferences and seminars to maintain current knowledge of clinical studies affairs and issues.
Organize space for study equipment and supplies.
Develop advertising and other informational materials to be used in subject recruitment.
Solicit industry-sponsored trials through contacts and professional organizations.
Participate in preparation and management of research budgets and monetary disbursements.
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
Promote products, services, or programs.
Maintain knowledge of current developments in area of expertise.
Conduct financial or regulatory audits.
Manage organizational or project budgets.
Interview employees, customers, or others to collect information.
Advise customers on technical or procedural issues.
Develop promotional materials.
Coordinate operational activities with external stakeholders.
Confer with organizational members to accomplish work activities.
Maintain operational records.
Analyze risks to minimize losses or damages.
Maintain regulatory or compliance documentation.
Communicate with government agencies.
Prepare operational progress or status reports.
Develop organizational methods or procedures.
Monitor activities of individuals to ensure safety or compliance with rules.
Purchase materials, equipment, or other resources.
Plan facility layouts or designs.
Conduct employee training programs.
Communicate organizational information to customers or other stakeholders.
Manage operations, research, or logistics projects.
Coordinate with external parties to exchange information.
Schedule activities or facility use.
Monitor organizational compliance with regulations.
How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
Job requires being honest and ethical.
Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.