Security Managers

Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed

Direct an organization's security functions, including physical security and safety of employees, facilities, and assets.

Salary at 10th Percentile: $51,770
Median Salary: $105,610
Salary at 90th Percentile: $176,800

Create or implement security standards, policies, and procedures.

Identify, investigate, or resolve security breaches.

Respond to medical emergencies, bomb threats, fire alarms, or intrusion alarms, following emergency response procedures.

Monitor and ensure a sound, ethical environment.

Plan, direct, or coordinate security activities to safeguard company assets, employees, guests, or others on company property.

Develop, implement, manage, or evaluate policies and methods to protect personnel against harassment, threats, or violence.

Develop, conduct, support, or assist in governmental reviews, internal corporate evaluations, or assessments of the overall effectiveness of facility and personnel security processes.

Train subordinate security professionals or other organization members in security rules and procedures.

Assess risks to mitigate potential consequences of incidents and develop a plan to respond to incidents.

Communicate security status, updates, and actual or potential problems, using established protocols.

Direct or participate in emergency management and contingency planning.

Conduct threat or vulnerability analyses to determine probable frequency, criticality, consequence, or severity of natural or man-made disasters or criminal activity on the organization's profitability or delivery of products or services.

Supervise or provide leadership to subordinate security professionals, performing activities, such as hiring, background investigation, training, assigning work, evaluating performance, or disciplining.

Develop budgets for security operations.

Write or review security-related documents, such as incident reports, proposals, and tactical or strategic initiatives.

Analyze and evaluate security operations to identify risks or opportunities for improvement through auditing, review, or assessment.

Develop or manage integrated security controls to ensure confidentiality, accountability, recoverability, or audit ability of sensitive information, proprietary information, or information technology resources.

Monitor security policies, programs or procedures to ensure compliance with internal security policies, licensing requirements, or applicable government security requirements, policies, and directives.

Conduct physical examinations of property to ensure compliance with security policies and regulations.

Collect and analyze security data to determine security needs, security program goals, or program accomplishments.

Coordinate security operations or activities with public law enforcement, fire and other agencies.

Review financial reports to ensure efficiency and quality of security operations.

Purchase security-related supplies, equipment, or technology.

Develop or manage investigation programs, including collection and preservation of video and notes of surveillance processes or investigative interviews.

Develop, arrange for, perform, or assess executive protection activities to reduce security risks.

Plan security for special and high-risk events.

Support efforts to reduce substance abuse or other illegal activities in the workplace.

Develop, recommend, or manage security procedures for operations or processes, such as security call centers, system acquisition, development, and maintenance, access control, program models, or reporting tools.

Prepare reports or make presentations on internal investigations, losses, or violations of regulations, policies and procedures.

Attend meetings, professional seminars, or conferences to keep abreast of changes in executive legislative directives or new technologies impacting security operations.

Technology
Example
Hot Technology
Facilities management software
Alarm system software
Computer aided design CAD software
Computer aided design CAD software
Office suite software
Corel WordPerfect Office Suite
Data base user interface and query software
Data entry software
Communications server software
Emergency notification system software
Web page creation and editing software
Facebook
Project management software
FieldSoft AIMSonScene
Graphics or photo imaging software
Graphics software
Human resources software
Human resources management system HRMS
Inventory management software
Inventory tracking software
Map creation software
Mapping software
Transaction security and virus protection software
McAfee
Spreadsheet software
Microsoft Excel
Electronic mail software
Microsoft Outlook
Presentation software
Microsoft PowerPoint
Word processing software
Microsoft Word
Enterprise resource planning ERP software
Oracle PeopleSoft
Time accounting software
Payroll software
Instant messaging software
Twitter
Internet browser software
Web browser software
Calendar and scheduling software
Work scheduling software
Tool
Example
Hot Technology
Motion detectors
Approach detection systems
Laser printers
Computer laser printers
Chemical agent detector
Explosives detectors
Alarm systems
Fire alarm systems
Security or access control systems
Keyless entry systems
Notebook computers
Laptop computers
Special purpose telephones
Multiline telephone systems
Personal computers
Personal computers
Teleconference equipment
Teleconferencing equipment
Video monitors
Video surveillance systems
Videoconferencing systems
Videoconferencing equipment
Public Safety and Security
93%
Importance

Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.

Customer and Personal Service
84%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

Administration and Management
79%
Importance

Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

English Language
74%
Importance

Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

Education and Training
73%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

Law and Government
71%
Importance

Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.

Personnel and Human Resources
63%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.

Psychology
57%
Importance

Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

Computers and Electronics
54%
Importance

Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

Communications and Media
50%
Importance

Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.

Reading Comprehension
75%
Importance

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Speaking
75%
Importance

Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Critical Thinking
75%
Importance

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Listening
72%
Importance

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Writing
69%
Importance

Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Judgment and Decision Making
69%
Importance

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Monitoring
66%
Importance

Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Social Perceptiveness
66%
Importance

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

Complex Problem Solving
66%
Importance

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Systems Analysis
63%
Importance

Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Oral Comprehension
78%
Importance

The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Oral Expression
78%
Importance

The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Problem Sensitivity
78%
Importance

The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Deductive Reasoning
75%
Importance

The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Inductive Reasoning
75%
Importance

The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Speech Recognition
75%
Importance

The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.

Written Comprehension
72%
Importance

The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Written Expression
72%
Importance

The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Speech Clarity
69%
Importance

The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.

Near Vision
66%
Importance

The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
88%
Importance

Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.

Getting Information
86%
Importance

Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships
85%
Importance

Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.

Making Decisions and Solving Problems
84%
Importance

Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.

Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others
83%
Importance

Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.

Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others
79%
Importance

Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.

Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards
77%
Importance

Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.

Communicating with Persons Outside Organization
77%
Importance

Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.

Developing and Building Teams
77%
Importance

Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.

Guiding, Directing, and Motivating Subordinates
77%
Importance

Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.

Prepare reports related to compliance matters.

Train employees on environmental awareness, conservation, or safety topics.

Conduct employee training programs.

Manage organizational security activities.

Analyze financial records to improve efficiency.

Prepare operational budgets.

Communicate with government agencies.

Maintain knowledge of current developments in area of expertise.

Communicate organizational policies and procedures.

Monitor organizational compliance with regulations.

Monitor facilities or operational systems.

Compile operational data.

Analyze data to inform operational decisions or activities.

Develop safety standards, policies, or procedures.

Implement organizational process or policy changes.

Develop organizational policies or programs.

Manage human resources activities.

Evaluate program effectiveness.

Develop procedures to evaluate organizational activities.

Analyze risks to minimize losses or damages.

Develop emergency response plans or procedures.

Direct organizational operations, projects, or services.

Evaluate employee performance.

Supervise employees.

Develop organizational methods or procedures.

Purchase materials, equipment, or other resources.

Develop operating strategies, plans, or procedures.

Electronic Mail

How often do you use electronic mail in this job?

Telephone

How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?

Face-to-Face Discussions

How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?

Contact With Others

How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?

Indoors, Environmentally Controlled

How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?

Work With Work Group or Team

How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?

Frequency of Decision Making

How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?

Responsible for Others' Health and Safety

How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?

Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results

What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?

Freedom to Make Decisions

How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?

Major
Digital Communication and Media/Multimedia
Psychology, General
Cognitive Psychology and Psycholinguistics
Behavioral Neuroscience
Social Psychology
Clinical Psychology
Counseling Psychology
Industrial and Organizational Psychology
School Psychology
Educational Psychology
Forensic Psychology
Psychology, Other
Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration
Public Administration
Social Sciences, General
Anthropology, General
Anthropology, Other
Archeology
Criminology
Economics, General
Applied Economics
Development Economics and International Development
International Economics
Economics, Other
Geography
Geography, Other
International Relations and Affairs
Political Science and Government, General
Political Science and Government, Other
Sociology, General
Urban Studies/Affairs
Social Sciences, Other
Fine and Studio Arts Management
Theatre/Theatre Arts Management
Business/Commerce, General
Business Administration and Management, General
Non-Profit/Public/Organizational Management
Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurial Studies
Tourism and Travel Services Management
Hospitality Administration/Management, Other
History, General
American History (United States)
European History
Public/Applied History
History, Other
Enterprising

Score: 100 / 100

Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

Conventional

Score: 71 / 100

Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Realistic

Score: 48 / 100

Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

Investigative

Score: 43 / 100

Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

Artistic

Score: 19 / 100

Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

Social

Score: 19 / 100

Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

Integrity
98%
Importance

Job requires being honest and ethical.

Self Control
91%
Importance

Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.

Stress Tolerance
91%
Importance

Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.

Dependability
90%
Importance

Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

Leadership
88%
Importance

Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

Attention to Detail
84%
Importance

Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

Initiative
83%
Importance

Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

Cooperation
81%
Importance

Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

Adaptability/Flexibility
81%
Importance

Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

Persistence
80%
Importance

Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.

Achievement
76%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Working Conditions
76%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Relationships
76%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

Recognition
71%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Independence
71%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Support
57%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.