Computer Network Architects

Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed

Design and implement computer and information networks, such as local area networks (LAN), wide area networks (WAN), intranets, extranets, and other data communications networks. Perform network modeling, analysis, and planning. May also design network and computer security measures. May research and recommend network and data communications hardware and software.

Salary at 10th Percentile: $58,160
Median Salary: $104,650
Salary at 90th Percentile: $162,390

Technology
Example
Hot Technology
Access software
Access management software
Video creation and editing software
Adobe Systems Adobe AfterEffects
Graphics or photo imaging software
Adobe Systems Adobe Fireworks
Object or component oriented development software
Advanced business application programming ABAP
Network monitoring software
AirMagnet Enterprise
Web platform development software
AJAX
Operating system software
Android
Data base management system software
Apache Cassandra
Portal server software
Apache HTTP Server
Development environment software
Apache Maven
File versioning software
Apache Subversion SVN
Configuration management software
Application management software
Application server software
Application server software
Administration software
Aruba Networks AirWave
Content workflow software
Atlassian JIRA
Computer aided design CAD software
Autodesk AutoCAD
Switch or router software
Border Gateway Protocol BGP
Desktop communications software
BroadSoft BroadWorks
Metadata management software
CA Erwin Data Modeler
Transaction security and virus protection software
CA eTrust
Requirements analysis and system architecture software
Capacity planning software
Backup or archival software
Computer Associates ArcServ Backup
Computer based training software
Computer based training software
Network security or virtual private network VPN management software
Computer intrusion detection systems
Network operating system enhancement software
Compuware dynaTrace
Network security and virtual private network VPN equipment software
Content filter software
Transaction server software
Customer information control system CICS
Pattern design software
Diagramming software
Analytical or scientific software
Discrete event simulation software
Internet directory services software
Domain name system DNS
Communications server software
Email management software
Enterprise application integration software
Extensible markup language XML
Helpdesk or call center software
Help desk software
Program testing software
Hewlett Packard LoadRunner
Object oriented data base management software
Hibernate ORM
Electronic mail software
IBM Notes
Enterprise system management software
IBM Power Systems software
LAN software
Local area network LAN software
Enterprise resource planning ERP software
Microsoft Dynamics
Spreadsheet software
Microsoft Excel
Authentication server software
Microsoft Forefront Identify Manager
Office suite software
Microsoft Office
Presentation software
Microsoft PowerPoint
Project management software
Microsoft Project
Data base user interface and query software
Microsoft SQL Server
Word processing software
Microsoft Word
Business intelligence and data analysis software
MicroStrategy
Internet protocol IP multimedia subsystem software
Multiprotocol Label Switching MPLS
Bridge software
Network bridge software
Data base reporting software
Network reporting software
Storage networking software
Network storage software
Optical network management software
Optical network management software
Financial analysis software
Oracle E-Business Suite Financials
Time accounting software
Time reporting software
Video conferencing software
Videoconferencing software
Internet browser software
Web browser software
WAN switching software and firmware
Wide area network WAN software
Tool
Example
Hot Technology
Network analyzers
Asynchronous transfer mode ATM analyzers
Computer servers
Backup servers
Digital testers
Bit error rate testers BERT
Broadband aggregators
Broadband aggregation equipment
Network channel or data service units
Channel banks
Voice data video cable tester
Communication cable testers
Network routers
Computer network routers
Network switches
Computer network switches
Desktop computers
Desktop computers
Power meters
Fiber optic power meters
Firewall network security equipment
Firewall equipment
Integrated services digital network ISDN testers
Integrated services digital network ISDN analyzers
Network service concentrators or hubs
Intelligent hubs
Notebook computers
Laptop computers
Access servers
Lightweight directory access protocol LDAP servers
Server load balancer
Load balancers
Mainframe computers
Mainframe computers
Network cable management panel assembly
Network cabling systems
Multimeters
Network multimeters
Interferometers
Optical spectrum analyzers
Network management or monitoring device
Packet analysis equipment
Personal computers
Personal computers
Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers
Personal digital assistants PDA
Protocol analyzers
Protocol analyzers
Radio frequency data communication equipment
Radio frequency RF antennas
Hard disk arrays
Redundant array of independent disks RAID systems
Frequency analyzers
Spectrum analyzers
Storage area network SAN switch
Storage area network SAN switches
Tablet computers
Tablet computers
Reflectometers
Time domain reflectometers
Videoconferencing systems
Videoconferencing equipment
Digital telephones
Voice over internet protocol VoIP systems
WLAN wireless access network equipment and components
Wireless access points WAP
Network traffic controller
Wireless network controllers
High end computer servers
Workstations
Computers and Electronics
87%
Importance

Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

Telecommunications
81%
Importance

Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.

English Language
66%
Importance

Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

Engineering and Technology
63%
Importance

Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.

Customer and Personal Service
62%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

Mathematics
50%
Importance

Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

Administration and Management
49%
Importance

Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

Education and Training
49%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

Communications and Media
40%
Importance

Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.

Public Safety and Security
39%
Importance

Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.

Active Listening
66%
Importance

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Operations Analysis
66%
Importance

Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.

Systems Analysis
66%
Importance

Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Active Learning
64%
Importance

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Complex Problem Solving
64%
Importance

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Speaking
63%
Importance

Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Critical Thinking
63%
Importance

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Systems Evaluation
63%
Importance

Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.

Reading Comprehension
60%
Importance

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Judgment and Decision Making
56%
Importance

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Problem Sensitivity
67%
Importance

The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Deductive Reasoning
67%
Importance

The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Oral Comprehension
64%
Importance

The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Information Ordering
64%
Importance

The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Oral Expression
63%
Importance

The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Inductive Reasoning
63%
Importance

The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Written Comprehension
60%
Importance

The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Speech Clarity
60%
Importance

The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.

Fluency of Ideas
58%
Importance

The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).

Speech Recognition
58%
Importance

The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.

Interacting With Computers
94%
Importance

Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge
88%
Importance

Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.

Getting Information
83%
Importance

Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
77%
Importance

Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.

Making Decisions and Solving Problems
76%
Importance

Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.

Thinking Creatively
70%
Importance

Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
70%
Importance

Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.

Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work
69%
Importance

Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.

Analyzing Data or Information
67%
Importance

Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

Documenting/Recording Information
65%
Importance

Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.

Maintain computer networks to enhance performance and user access.

Collaborate with others to determine design specifications or details.

Provide technical support for computer network issues.

Coordinate software or hardware installation.

Coordinate project activities with other personnel or departments.

Design integrated computer systems.

Configure computer networks.

Teach others to use computer equipment or hardware.

Develop specifications for computer network operation.

Resolve computer network problems.

Develop testing routines or procedures.

Develop models of information or communications systems.

Maintain contingency plans for disaster recovery.

Document network-related activities or tasks.

Develop information communication procedures.

Manage documentation to ensure organization or accuracy.

Develop computer or information security policies or procedures.

Recommend changes to improve computer or information systems.

Manage budgets for appropriate resource allocation.

Estimate time or monetary resources needed to complete projects.

Evaluate project designs to determine adequacy or feasibility.

Communicate project information to others.

Maintain computer hardware.

Monitor the performance of computer networks.

Analyze data to identify or resolve operational problems.

Modify software programs to improve performance.

Install computer software.

Install computer hardware.

Manage financial activities of the organization.

Conduct research to gain information about products or processes.

Test computer hardware performance.

Supervise information technology personnel.

Update knowledge about emerging industry or technology trends.

Collaborate with others to resolve information technology issues.

Major
Computer and Information Sciences, General
Information Technology
Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst
Network and System Administration/Administrator
Computer and Information Systems Security/Auditing/Information Assurance
Computer Engineering, General
Computer Engineering, Other
Investigative

Score: 86 / 100

Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

Conventional

Score: 86 / 100

Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Enterprising

Score: 76 / 100

Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

Realistic

Score: 57 / 100

Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

Artistic

Score: 33 / 100

Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

Social

Score: 29 / 100

Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

Attention to Detail
89%
Importance

Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

Dependability
85%
Importance

Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

Analytical Thinking
84%
Importance

Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

Adaptability/Flexibility
81%
Importance

Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

Integrity
81%
Importance

Job requires being honest and ethical.

Initiative
80%
Importance

Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

Cooperation
77%
Importance

Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

Persistence
75%
Importance

Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.

Stress Tolerance
73%
Importance

Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.

Independence
71%
Importance

Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

Achievement
86%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Working Conditions
76%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Independence
76%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Recognition
62%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Support
62%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

Relationships
38%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

Career
Web Developers
Software Quality Assurance Engineers and Testers
Logistics Engineers
Validation Engineers
Computer Systems Analysts
Geospatial Information Scientists and Technologists
Energy Engineers
Information Security Analysts
Geographic Information Systems Technicians
Computer Programmers