Animal Scientists

Overview
Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Experience

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

Education

Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

Job Training

Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

Examples

These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include pharmacists, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, neurologists, and veterinarians.

Conduct research in the genetics, nutrition, reproduction, growth, and development of domestic farm animals.

Salary Salary

Salary at 10th Percentile: $40K
Salary at 25th Percentile: $50K
Median Salary: $63K
Salary at 75th Percentile: $87K
Salary at 90th Percentile: $125K

Demand
Career Demand by State Career Demand by State Legend
Core Tasks

Study nutritional requirements of animals and nutritive values of animal feed materials.

Advise producers about improved products and techniques that could enhance their animal production efforts.

Develop improved practices in feeding, housing, sanitation, or parasite and disease control of animals.

Write up or orally communicate research findings to the scientific community, producers, and the public.

Study effects of management practices, processing methods, feed, or environmental conditions on quality and quantity of animal products, such as eggs and milk.

Conduct research concerning animal nutrition, breeding, or management to improve products or processes.

Research and control animal selection and breeding practices to increase production efficiency and improve animal quality.

Determine genetic composition of animal populations and heritability of traits, using principles of genetics.

Crossbreed animals with existing strains or cross strains to obtain new combinations of desirable characteristics.

Technology Skills
Technology
Example
Hot Technology
Analytical or scientific software
SAS
Business intelligence and data analysis software
Tableau
Computer aided design CAD software
Autodesk AutoCAD
Data base user interface and query software
Structured query language SQL
Electronic mail software
Email software
Enterprise resource planning ERP software
Oracle PeopleSoft
Internet browser software
Web browser software
Map creation software
ESRI ArcGIS software
Office suite software
Microsoft Office
Operating system software
Palm OS
Presentation software
Microsoft PowerPoint
Spreadsheet software
Microsoft Excel
Word processing software
Microsoft Word
Tools Used
Tool
Example
Agricultural and forestry and landscape machinery and equipment
Animal catching equipment
Chicken processing machinery and equipment
Captive bolt stunners
Computer Equipment and Accessories
Desktop computers
Industrial food and beverage equipment
Meat choppers
Industrial process machinery and equipment and supplies
Fiber digesters
Institutional food services equipment
Meat grinders
Laboratory and scientific equipment
Benchtop centrifuges
Laboratory supplies and fixtures
Erlenmeyer flasks
Measuring and observing and testing instruments
Electronic laboratory balances
Medical diagnostic imaging and nuclear medicine products
Ultrasound probes
Medical sterilization products
Steam autoclaves
Office machines and their supplies and accessories
Scientific calculators
Patient care and treatment products and supplies
Blood collection syringes
Saddlery and harness goods
Calf restraints
Veterinary equipment and supplies
Veterinary emasculators
Top 10 Knowledge Required
Biology
93%
Importance

Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.

English Language
86%
Importance

Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

Chemistry
82%
Importance

Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.

Mathematics
82%
Importance

Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

Food Production
81%
Importance

Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

Education and Training
80%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

Computers and Electronics
67%
Importance

Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

Administration and Management
66%
Importance

Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

Customer and Personal Service
65%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

Production and Processing
63%
Importance

Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.

Top 10 Skills
Science
88%
Importance

Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Critical Thinking
80%
Importance

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Reading Comprehension
80%
Importance

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Speaking
80%
Importance

Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Writing
80%
Importance

Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Active Learning
78%
Importance

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Active Listening
78%
Importance

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Complex Problem Solving
78%
Importance

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Judgment and Decision Making
78%
Importance

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Systems Analysis
73%
Importance

Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Top 10 Abilities
Inductive Reasoning
83%
Importance

The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Oral Expression
83%
Importance

The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Deductive Reasoning
80%
Importance

The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Oral Comprehension
80%
Importance

The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Written Comprehension
80%
Importance

The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Written Expression
80%
Importance

The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Category Flexibility
78%
Importance

The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.

Near Vision
78%
Importance

The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Problem Sensitivity
78%
Importance

The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Information Ordering
75%
Importance

The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Top 10 Work Activities
Analyzing Data or Information
93%
Importance

Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

Getting Information
92%
Importance

Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge
92%
Importance

Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.

Processing Information
89%
Importance

Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.

Interacting With Computers
88%
Importance

Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others
88%
Importance

Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.

Making Decisions and Solving Problems
88%
Importance

Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.

Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
85%
Importance

Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.

Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
83%
Importance

Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.

Documenting/Recording Information
83%
Importance

Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.

Detailed Work Activities

Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations.

Research livestock management methods.

Develop agricultural methods.

Research genetic characteristics or expression.

Work Context
Electronic Mail

How often do you use electronic mail in this job?

Telephone

How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?

Freedom to Make Decisions

How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?

Face-to-Face Discussions

How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?

Structured versus Unstructured Work

To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?

Contact With Others

How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?

Importance of Being Exact or Accurate

How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?

Deal With External Customers

How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?

Frequency of Decision Making

How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?

Work With Work Group or Team

How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?

Education
Majors
Major
Apiculture
Animal Sciences, General
Agricultural Animal Breeding
Animal Health
Animal Nutrition
Dairy Science
Poultry Science
Animal Sciences, Other
Range Science and Management
Large Animal/Food Animal and Equine Surgery and Medicine
Veterinary Anatomy
Veterinary Infectious Diseases
Veterinary Microbiology and Immunobiology
Veterinary Pathology and Pathobiology
Veterinary Physiology
Veterinary Preventive Medicine, Epidemiology, and Public Health
Veterinary Toxicology and Pharmacology
Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Other
Anthrozoology
Interests
Investigative
100%
Importance

Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

Realistic
77%
Importance

Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

Conventional
43%
Importance

Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Artistic
34%
Importance

Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

Enterprising
29%
Importance

Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

Social
15%
Importance

Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

Top 10 Work Styles
Integrity
95%
Importance

Job requires being honest and ethical.

Attention to Detail
92%
Importance

Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

Analytical Thinking
91%
Importance

Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

Dependability
91%
Importance

Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

Initiative
90%
Importance

Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

Achievement/Effort
86%
Importance

Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.

Innovation
85%
Importance

Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

Persistence
83%
Importance

Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.

Independence
80%
Importance

Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

Leadership
80%
Importance

Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

Work Values
Achievement
77%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Independence
77%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Recognition
77%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Working Conditions
65%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Relationships
48%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

Support
43%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.