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Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary

Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary

Overview
Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Experience

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

Education

Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

Job Training

Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

Examples

These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include pharmacists, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, neurologists, and veterinarians.

Teach courses in biological sciences. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

Salary Salary

Salary at 10th Percentile: $46K
Salary at 25th Percentile: $61K
Median Salary: $85K
Salary at 75th Percentile: $126K
Salary at 90th Percentile: $179K

Demand
Career Demand by State Career Demand by State Legend
Core Tasks

Evaluate and grade students' class work, laboratory work, assignments, and papers.

Prepare and deliver lectures to undergraduate or graduate students on topics such as molecular biology, marine biology, and botany.

Plan, evaluate, and revise curricula, course content, and course materials and methods of instruction.

Prepare materials for laboratory activities and course materials, such as syllabi, homework assignments, and handouts.

Initiate, facilitate, and moderate classroom discussions.

Supervise students' laboratory work.

Compile, administer, and grade examinations, or assign this work to others.

Keep abreast of developments in the field by reading current literature, talking with colleagues, and participating in professional conferences.

Maintain student attendance records, grades, and other required records.

Assist students who need extra help with their coursework outside of class.

Supervise undergraduate or graduate teaching, internship, and research work.

Advise students on academic and vocational curricula and on career issues.

Conduct research in a particular field of knowledge and publish findings in professional journals, books, or electronic media.

Maintain regularly scheduled office hours to advise and assist students.

Collaborate with colleagues to address teaching and research issues.

Select and obtain materials and supplies, such as textbooks and laboratory equipment.

Serve on academic or administrative committees that deal with institutional policies, departmental matters, and academic issues.

Provide students course-related experiences, such as field trips, outside the classroom.

Write grant proposals to procure external research funding.

Review papers for publication in journals.

Maintain or repair lab equipment.

Participate in student recruitment, registration, and placement activities.

Perform administrative duties, such as serving as department head.

Compile bibliographies of specialized materials for outside reading assignments.

Participate in campus and community events, such as giving presentations to the public.

Act as advisers to student organizations.

Provide professional consulting services to government or industry.

Technology Skills
Technology
Example
Hot Technology
Analytical or scientific software
The MathWorks MATLAB
Calendar and scheduling software
Calendar and scheduling software
Computer based training software
Sakai CLE
Data base user interface and query software
Data entry software
Development environment software
National Instruments LabVIEW
Electronic mail software
Microsoft Outlook
Graphics or photo imaging software
Graphics creation software
Information retrieval or search software
iParadigms Turnitin
Internet browser software
Web browser software
Map creation software
Geographic information system GIS software
Office suite software
Microsoft Office
Optical character reader OCR or scanning software
Image scanning software
Presentation software
Microsoft PowerPoint
Spreadsheet software
Microsoft Excel
Word processing software
Microsoft Word
Tools Used
Tool
Example
Audio and visual presentation and composing equipment
Carousel slide projectors
Communications Devices and Accessories
Multi-line telephone systems
Components for information technology or broadcasting or telecommunications
Universal serial bus USB flash drives
Computer Equipment and Accessories
Desktop computers
Consumer electronics
Compact disk CD players
Data Voice or Multimedia Network Equipment or Platforms and Accessories
Conference telephones
Laboratory and scientific equipment
Electrophoresis equipment
Measuring and observing and testing instruments
Carbon dioxide analysis equipment
Office machines and their supplies and accessories
Laser facsimile machines
Photographic or filming or video equipment
Digital video cameras
Top 10 Knowledge Required
Biology
100%
Importance

Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.

English Language
88%
Importance

Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

Mathematics
84%
Importance

Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

Chemistry
82%
Importance

Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.

Education and Training
82%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

Computers and Electronics
76%
Importance

Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

Clerical
65%
Importance

Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.

Medicine and Dentistry
64%
Importance

Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.

Communications and Media
62%
Importance

Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.

Geography
60%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.

Top 10 Skills
Speaking
85%
Importance

Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Instructing
83%
Importance

Teaching others how to do something.

Learning Strategies
83%
Importance

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.

Active Learning
80%
Importance

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Active Listening
80%
Importance

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Reading Comprehension
80%
Importance

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Science
80%
Importance

Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

Writing
80%
Importance

Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Critical Thinking
78%
Importance

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Monitoring
78%
Importance

Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Top 10 Abilities
Oral Expression
93%
Importance

The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Oral Comprehension
83%
Importance

The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Speech Clarity
83%
Importance

The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.

Written Comprehension
83%
Importance

The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Written Expression
83%
Importance

The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Deductive Reasoning
80%
Importance

The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Inductive Reasoning
80%
Importance

The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Speech Recognition
75%
Importance

The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.

Near Vision
73%
Importance

The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Information Ordering
70%
Importance

The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Top 10 Work Activities
Training and Teaching Others
94%
Importance

Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.

Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge
93%
Importance

Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.

Interacting With Computers
92%
Importance

Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

Processing Information
92%
Importance

Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.

Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
89%
Importance

Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.

Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others
89%
Importance

Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.

Analyzing Data or Information
88%
Importance

Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
88%
Importance

Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.

Making Decisions and Solving Problems
88%
Importance

Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.

Thinking Creatively
88%
Importance

Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

Detailed Work Activities

Evaluate student work.

Teach physical science or mathematics courses at the college level.

Evaluate effectiveness of educational programs.

Develop instructional objectives.

Develop instructional materials.

Guide class discussions.

Supervise laboratory work.

Stay informed about current developments in field of specialization.

Attend training sessions or professional meetings to develop or maintain professional knowledge.

Maintain student records.

Administer tests to assess educational needs or progress.

Prepare tests.

Supervise student research or internship work.

Tutor students who need extra assistance.

Advise students on academic or career matters.

Research topics in area of expertise.

Write articles, books or other original materials in area of expertise.

Select educational materials or equipment.

Order instructional or library materials or equipment.

Serve on institutional or departmental committees.

Plan experiential learning activities.

Write grant proposals.

Evaluate scholarly materials.

Promote educational institutions or programs.

Perform student enrollment or registration activities.

Clean equipment, parts, or tools to repair or maintain them in good working order.

Maintain laboratory or technical equipment.

Direct department activities.

Compile specialized bibliographies or lists of materials.

Plan community programs or activities for the general public.

Advise educators on curricula, instructional methods, or policies.

Work Context
Electronic Mail

How often do you use electronic mail in this job?

Freedom to Make Decisions

How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?

Indoors, Environmentally Controlled

How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?

Face-to-Face Discussions

How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?

Public Speaking

How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?

Structured versus Unstructured Work

To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?

Contact With Others

How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?

Work With Work Group or Team

How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?

Frequency of Decision Making

How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?

Coordinate or Lead Others

How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?

Education
Majors
Major
Teacher Education and Professional Development, Specific Subject Areas
Biology, General
Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology
Botany/Plant Biology
Cell/Cellular Biology and Anatomical Sciences
Microbiological Sciences and Immunology
Zoology/Animal Biology
Genetics
Physiology, Pathology and Related Sciences
Pharmacology and Toxicology
Biomathematics, Bioinformatics, and Computational Biology
Biotechnology
Ecology, Evolution, Systematics, and Population Biology
Molecular Medicine
Neurobiology and Neurosciences
Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Other
Biopsychology
Nutrition Sciences
Human Biology
Geobiology
Interests
Social
96%
Importance

Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

Investigative
91%
Importance

Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

Artistic
53%
Importance

Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

Realistic
48%
Importance

Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

Conventional
34%
Importance

Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Enterprising
34%
Importance

Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

Top 10 Work Styles
Achievement/Effort
94%
Importance

Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.

Attention to Detail
92%
Importance

Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

Integrity
92%
Importance

Job requires being honest and ethical.

Persistence
92%
Importance

Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.

Independence
91%
Importance

Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

Initiative
90%
Importance

Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

Dependability
89%
Importance

Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

Analytical Thinking
88%
Importance

Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

Innovation
87%
Importance

Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

Adaptability/Flexibility
86%
Importance

Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

Work Values
Working Conditions
84%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Achievement
81%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Independence
81%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Recognition
81%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Relationships
72%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

Support
53%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.