Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include pharmacists, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, neurologists, and veterinarians.
Teach courses in sociology. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.
Salary at 10th Percentile: $38K
Salary at 25th Percentile: $55K
Median Salary: $75K
Salary at 75th Percentile: $103K
Salary at 90th Percentile: $145K
Evaluate and grade students' class work, assignments, and papers.
Initiate, facilitate, and moderate classroom discussions.
Compile, administer, and grade examinations, or assign this work to others.
Prepare and deliver lectures to undergraduate or graduate students on topics such as race and ethnic relations, measurement and data collection, and workplace social relations.
Prepare course materials, such as syllabi, homework assignments, and handouts.
Keep abreast of developments in the field by reading current literature, talking with colleagues, and participating in professional conferences.
Conduct research in a particular field of knowledge and publish findings in professional journals, books, or electronic media.
Plan, evaluate, and revise curricula, course content, course materials, and methods of instruction.
Maintain student attendance records, grades, and other required records.
Supervise undergraduate or graduate teaching, internship, and research work.
Maintain regularly scheduled office hours to advise and assist students.
Advise students on academic and vocational curricula and on career issues.
Supervise students' laboratory and field work.
Select and obtain materials and supplies, such as textbooks and laboratory equipment.
Collaborate with colleagues to address teaching and research issues.
Serve on academic or administrative committees that deal with institutional policies, departmental matters, and academic issues.
Compile bibliographies of specialized materials for outside reading assignments.
Perform administrative duties, such as serving as department head.
Write grant proposals to procure external research funding.
Mentor new faculty.
Participate in student recruitment, registration, and placement activities.
Participate in campus and community events.
Act as advisers to student organizations.
Provide professional consulting services to government or industry.
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Teaching others how to do something.
Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
Evaluate student work.
Guide class discussions.
Administer tests to assess educational needs or progress.
Teach social science courses at the college level.
Develop instructional materials.
Stay informed about current developments in field of specialization.
Attend training sessions or professional meetings to develop or maintain professional knowledge.
Research topics in area of expertise.
Write articles, books or other original materials in area of expertise.
Evaluate effectiveness of educational programs.
Develop instructional objectives.
Maintain student records.
Supervise student research or internship work.
Advise students on academic or career matters.
Supervise laboratory work.
Select educational materials or equipment.
Order instructional or library materials or equipment.
Serve on institutional or departmental committees.
Compile specialized bibliographies or lists of materials.
Write grant proposals.
Support the professional development of others.
Advise educators on curricula, instructional methods, or policies.
Advise others on career or personal development.
Promote educational institutions or programs.
Perform student enrollment or registration activities.
Direct department activities.
Plan community programs or activities for the general public.
How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?
How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Job requires being honest and ethical.
Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.