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Education Teachers, Postsecondary

Education Teachers, Postsecondary

Overview
Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
Experience

Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

Education

Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

Job Training

Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

Examples

These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include pharmacists, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, neurologists, and veterinarians.

Teach courses pertaining to education, such as counseling, curriculum, guidance, instruction, teacher education, and teaching English as a second language. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

Salary Salary

Salary at 10th Percentile: $30K
Salary at 25th Percentile: $47K
Median Salary: $65K
Salary at 75th Percentile: $92K
Salary at 90th Percentile: $130K

Demand
Career Demand by State Career Demand by State Legend
Core Tasks

Conduct research in a particular field of knowledge and publish findings in professional journals, books, or electronic media.

Prepare course materials, such as syllabi, homework assignments, and handouts.

Compile, administer, and grade examinations, or assign this work to others.

Keep abreast of developments in the field by reading current literature, talking with colleagues, and participating in professional conferences.

Supervise students' fieldwork, internship, and research work.

Evaluate and grade students' class work, assignments, and papers.

Initiate, facilitate, and moderate classroom discussions.

Prepare and deliver lectures to undergraduate or graduate students on topics such as children's literature, learning and development, and reading instruction.

Collaborate with colleagues to address teaching and research issues.

Plan, evaluate, and revise curricula, course content, course materials, and methods of instruction.

Advise students on academic and vocational curricula and on career issues.

Maintain regularly scheduled office hours to advise and assist students.

Participate in student recruitment, registration, and placement activities.

Maintain student attendance records, grades, and other required records.

Perform administrative duties, such as serving as department head.

Select and obtain materials and supplies, such as textbooks.

Serve on academic or administrative committees that deal with institutional policies, departmental matters, and academic issues.

Serve as a liaison between the university and other governmental and educational agencies.

Write grant proposals to procure external research funding.

Advise and instruct teachers employed in school systems by providing activities, such as in-service seminars.

Participate in campus and community events.

Compile bibliographies of specialized materials for outside reading assignments.

Act as advisers to student organizations.

Provide professional consulting services to government or industry.

Technology Skills
Technology
Example
Hot Technology
Analytical or scientific software
SAS
Calendar and scheduling software
Calendar and scheduling software
Computer based training software
VoiceThread
Data base user interface and query software
Data entry software
Electronic mail software
Microsoft Outlook
Information retrieval or search software
iParadigms Turnitin
Internet browser software
Web browser software
Office suite software
Microsoft Office
Optical character reader OCR or scanning software
Image scanning software
Presentation software
Microsoft PowerPoint
Spreadsheet software
Microsoft Excel
Word processing software
Microsoft Word
Tools Used
Tool
Example
Audio and visual presentation and composing equipment
Overhead data projectors
Communications Devices and Accessories
Multi-line telephone systems
Components for information technology or broadcasting or telecommunications
Universal serial bus USB flash drives
Computer Equipment and Accessories
Computer data input scanners
Consumer electronics
Handheld microphones
Data Voice or Multimedia Network Equipment or Platforms and Accessories
Conference telephones
Office and desk accessories
Wireless slates
Office machines and their supplies and accessories
Laser facsimile machines
Photographic or filming or video equipment
Compact digital cameras
Top 10 Knowledge Required
Education and Training
92%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

English Language
92%
Importance

Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

Psychology
85%
Importance

Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

Sociology and Anthropology
75%
Importance

Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.

Administration and Management
74%
Importance

Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

Communications and Media
74%
Importance

Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.

Mathematics
69%
Importance

Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

Customer and Personal Service
66%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

Computers and Electronics
63%
Importance

Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

Personnel and Human Resources
63%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.

Top 10 Skills
Speaking
93%
Importance

Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Reading Comprehension
85%
Importance

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Active Listening
83%
Importance

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Instructing
83%
Importance

Teaching others how to do something.

Learning Strategies
83%
Importance

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.

Active Learning
80%
Importance

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Writing
80%
Importance

Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Monitoring
78%
Importance

Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Complex Problem Solving
75%
Importance

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Critical Thinking
75%
Importance

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Top 10 Abilities
Oral Expression
88%
Importance

The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Speech Clarity
88%
Importance

The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.

Oral Comprehension
83%
Importance

The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Written Comprehension
83%
Importance

The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Written Expression
83%
Importance

The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Deductive Reasoning
78%
Importance

The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Inductive Reasoning
78%
Importance

The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Near Vision
78%
Importance

The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Speech Recognition
78%
Importance

The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.

Problem Sensitivity
75%
Importance

The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Top 10 Work Activities
Getting Information
95%
Importance

Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

Training and Teaching Others
95%
Importance

Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.

Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work
90%
Importance

Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.

Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People
88%
Importance

Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.

Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
87%
Importance

Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.

Making Decisions and Solving Problems
86%
Importance

Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.

Coaching and Developing Others
84%
Importance

Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.

Thinking Creatively
83%
Importance

Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

Interacting With Computers
82%
Importance

Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships
81%
Importance

Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.

Detailed Work Activities

Develop instructional materials.

Research topics in area of expertise.

Write articles, books or other original materials in area of expertise.

Administer tests to assess educational needs or progress.

Prepare tests.

Evaluate student work.

Stay informed about current developments in field of specialization.

Attend training sessions or professional meetings to develop or maintain professional knowledge.

Supervise student research or internship work.

Guide class discussions.

Evaluate effectiveness of educational programs.

Develop instructional objectives.

Advise students on academic or career matters.

Promote educational institutions or programs.

Perform student enrollment or registration activities.

Maintain student records.

Direct department activities.

Select educational materials or equipment.

Order instructional or library materials or equipment.

Serve on institutional or departmental committees.

Write grant proposals.

Collaborate with other agencies and institutions to coordinate educational matters.

Train staff members.

Advise educators on curricula, instructional methods, or policies.

Plan community programs or activities for the general public.

Compile specialized bibliographies or lists of materials.

Work Context
Electronic Mail

How often do you use electronic mail in this job?

Indoors, Environmentally Controlled

How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?

Freedom to Make Decisions

How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?

Face-to-Face Discussions

How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?

Structured versus Unstructured Work

To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?

Frequency of Decision Making

How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?

Coordinate or Lead Others

How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?

Contact With Others

How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?

Work With Work Group or Team

How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?

Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results

What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?

Education
Majors
Major
Education, General
Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education
Curriculum and Instruction
Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research
Social and Philosophical Foundations of Education
Special Education and Teaching
Teacher Education and Professional Development, Specific Levels and Methods
Teacher Education and Professional Development, Specific Subject Areas
Education, Other
Public Policy Analysis
Health Professions Education, Ethics, and Humanities
Interests
Social
100%
Importance

Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

Artistic
62%
Importance

Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

Investigative
58%
Importance

Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

Enterprising
43%
Importance

Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

Conventional
39%
Importance

Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Realistic
19%
Importance

Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

Top 10 Work Styles
Analytical Thinking
96%
Importance

Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

Achievement/Effort
93%
Importance

Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.

Initiative
92%
Importance

Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

Integrity
91%
Importance

Job requires being honest and ethical.

Dependability
90%
Importance

Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

Persistence
88%
Importance

Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.

Independence
87%
Importance

Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

Cooperation
85%
Importance

Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

Attention to Detail
83%
Importance

Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

Self Control
82%
Importance

Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.

Work Values
Independence
86%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Relationships
86%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

Achievement
81%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Working Conditions
81%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Recognition
72%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Support
48%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.