Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include pharmacists, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, neurologists, and veterinarians.
Teach courses in drama, music, and the arts including fine and applied art, such as painting and sculpture, or design and crafts. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.
Salary at 10th Percentile: $34K
Salary at 25th Percentile: $50K
Median Salary: $69K
Salary at 75th Percentile: $102K
Salary at 90th Percentile: $153K
Explain and demonstrate artistic techniques.
Evaluate and grade students' class work, performances, projects, assignments, and papers.
Prepare students for performances, exams, or assessments.
Initiate, facilitate, and moderate classroom discussions.
Prepare and deliver lectures to undergraduate or graduate students on topics such as acting techniques, fundamentals of music, and art history.
Prepare course materials, such as syllabi, homework assignments, and handouts.
Maintain student attendance records, grades, and other required records.
Organize performance groups and direct their rehearsals.
Keep abreast of developments in the field by reading current literature, talking with colleagues, and participating in professional conferences.
Plan, evaluate, and revise curricula, course content, course materials, and methods of instruction.
Compile, administer, and grade examinations, or assign this work to others.
Maintain regularly scheduled office hours to advise and assist students.
Supervise undergraduate or graduate teaching, internship, and research work.
Perform administrative duties, such as serving as department head.
Select and obtain materials and supplies, such as textbooks and performance pieces.
Advise students on academic and vocational curricula and on career issues.
Collaborate with colleagues to address teaching and research issues.
Participate in student recruitment, registration, and placement activities.
Conduct research in a particular field of knowledge and publish findings in professional journals, books, or electronic media.
Maintain or repair studio facilities.
Display students' work in schools, galleries, and exhibitions.
Participate in campus and community events.
Keep students informed of community events, such as plays and concerts.
Serve on academic or administrative committees that deal with institutional policies, departmental matters, and academic issues.
Act as advisers to student organizations.
Write grant proposals to procure external research funding.
Compile bibliographies of specialized materials for outside reading assignments.
Provide professional consulting services to government or industry.
Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.
Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Teaching others how to do something.
Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
Teach humanities courses at the college level.
Evaluate student work.
Tutor students who need extra assistance.
Guide class discussions.
Develop instructional materials.
Maintain student records.
Stay informed about current developments in field of specialization.
Attend training sessions or professional meetings to develop or maintain professional knowledge.
Evaluate effectiveness of educational programs.
Develop instructional objectives.
Administer tests to assess educational needs or progress.
Advise students on academic or career matters.
Select educational materials or equipment.
Order instructional or library materials or equipment.
Promote educational institutions or programs.
Perform student enrollment or registration activities.
Research topics in area of expertise.
Display student work.
Plan community programs or activities for the general public.
Serve on institutional or departmental committees.
Coordinate student extracurricular activities.
Supervise student research or internship work.
Direct department activities.
Repair structural components.
Write articles, books or other original materials in area of expertise.
Write grant proposals.
Compile specialized bibliographies or lists of materials.
Advise educators on curricula, instructional methods, or policies.
How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
To what extent does this job require the worker to perform job tasks in close physical proximity to other people?
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
Job requires being honest and ethical.
Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.