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Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators

Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators

Overview
Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Experience

Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.

Education

Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

Job Training

Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.

Examples

These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include hydroelectric production managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, court reporters, and medical assistants.

Create original artwork using any of a wide variety of media and techniques.

Salary Salary

Salary at 10th Percentile: $19K
Salary at 25th Percentile: $31K
Median Salary: $52K
Salary at 75th Percentile: $78K
Salary at 90th Percentile: $122K

Demand
Career Demand by State Career Demand by State Legend
Core Tasks

Use materials such as pens and ink, watercolors, charcoal, oil, or computer software to create artwork.

Integrate and develop visual elements, such as line, space, mass, color, and perspective, to produce desired effects, such as the illustration of ideas, emotions, or moods.

Model substances such as clay or wax, using fingers and small hand tools to form objects.

Create sculptures, statues, and other three-dimensional artwork by using abrasives and tools to shape, carve, and fabricate materials such as clay, stone, wood, or metal.

Set up exhibitions of artwork for display or sale.

Render drawings, illustrations, and sketches of buildings, manufactured products, or models, working from sketches, blueprints, memory, models, or reference materials.

Confer with clients, editors, writers, art directors, and other interested parties regarding the nature and content of artwork to be produced.

Frame and mat artwork for display or sale.

Shade and fill in sketch outlines and backgrounds, using a variety of media such as water colors, markers, and transparent washes, labeling designated colors when necessary.

Submit artwork to shows or galleries.

Submit preliminary or finished artwork or project plans to clients for approval, incorporating changes as necessary.

Collaborate with engineers, mechanics, and other technical experts as necessary to build and install creations.

Study styles, techniques, colors, textures, and materials used in works undergoing restoration to ensure consistency during the restoration process.

Cut, bend, laminate, arrange, and fasten individual or mixed raw and manufactured materials and products to form works of art.

Maintain portfolios of artistic work to demonstrate styles, interests, and abilities.

Provide entertainment at special events by performing activities such as drawing cartoons.

Create and prepare sketches and model drawings of cartoon characters, providing details from memory, live models, manufactured products, or reference materials.

Develop project budgets for approval, estimating time lines and material costs.

Market artwork through brochures, mailings, or Web sites.

Study different techniques to learn how to apply them to artistic endeavors.

Create finished art work as decoration, or to elucidate or substitute for spoken or written messages.

Create sketches, profiles, or likenesses of posed subjects or photographs, using any combination of freehand drawing, mechanical assembly kits, and computer imaging.

Trace drawings onto clear acetate for painting or coloring, or trace them with ink to make final copies.

Apply solvents and cleaning agents to clean surfaces of paintings, and to remove accretions, discolorations, and deteriorated varnish.

Collaborate with writers who create ideas, stories, or captions that are combined with artists' work.

Brush or spray protective or decorative finishes on completed background panels, informational legends, exhibit accessories, or finished paintings.

Monitor events, trends, and other circumstances, research specific subject areas, attend art exhibitions, and read art publications to develop ideas and keep current on art world activities.

Photograph objects, places, or scenes for reference material.

Render sequential drawings that can be turned into animated films or advertisements.

Create graphics, illustrations, and three-dimensional models to be used in research or in teaching, such as in demonstrating anatomy, pathology, or surgical procedures.

Teach artistic techniques to children or adults.

Examine and test paintings in need of restoration or cleaning to determine techniques and materials to be used.

Technology Skills
Technology
Example
Hot Technology
Accounting software
Intuit QuickBooks
Computer aided design CAD software
Trimble SketchUp Pro
Configuration management software
Perforce Helix software
Data base user interface and query software
GYST
Desktop communications software
ClassDojo
Desktop publishing software
Adobe Systems Adobe InDesign
Development environment software
Adobe Systems Adobe ActionScript
Document management software
Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat
Electronic mail software
Email software
Enterprise application integration software
Extensible markup language XML
Graphics or photo imaging software
Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop
Instant messaging software
Twitter
Internet browser software
Web browser software
Object or component oriented development software
Python
Office suite software
Microsoft Office
Point of sale POS software
Credit card processing software
Presentation software
Microsoft PowerPoint
Project management software
WorkingArtist Systems WorkingArtist
Video creation and editing software
Adobe Systems Adobe AfterEffects
Web page creation and editing software
Facebook
Web platform development software
JavaScript
Word processing software
Microsoft Word
Tools Used
Tool
Example
Arts and crafts equipment and accessories and supplies
Bust armatures
Computer Equipment and Accessories
Laptop computers
Hand tools
Angle grinders
Laboratory and scientific equipment
Digital viscosometers
Laboratory supplies and fixtures
Graduated measuring cylinders
Measuring and observing and testing instruments
Digital calipers
Metal cutting machinery and accessories
Plasma cutters
Metal treatment machinery
Sandblasting guns
Mining and quarrying machinery and equipment
Stone saws
Office supplies
Artists' fountain pens
Paints and primers and finishes
Paint spray guns
Personal safety and protection
Dust masks
Photographic filmmaking supplies
Processing trays
Photographic or filming or video equipment
Camera lenses
Pneumatic machinery and equipment
Pneumatic chisels
Raw materials processing machinery
Ball mills
Welding and soldering and brazing machinery and accessories and supplies
Oxyacetylene torches
Top 10 Knowledge Required
Design
87%
Importance

Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

Computers and Electronics
85%
Importance

Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

English Language
78%
Importance

Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

Production and Processing
72%
Importance

Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.

Education and Training
69%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

Fine Arts
69%
Importance

Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

Communications and Media
68%
Importance

Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.

Customer and Personal Service
67%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

Mathematics
64%
Importance

Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

Administration and Management
61%
Importance

Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

Top 10 Skills
Active Learning
65%
Importance

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Critical Thinking
65%
Importance

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Listening
63%
Importance

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Judgment and Decision Making
60%
Importance

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Reading Comprehension
60%
Importance

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Speaking
60%
Importance

Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Complex Problem Solving
58%
Importance

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Social Perceptiveness
58%
Importance

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

Time Management
58%
Importance

Managing one's own time and the time of others.

Writing
58%
Importance

Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Top 10 Abilities
Originality
88%
Importance

The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.

Fluency of Ideas
80%
Importance

The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).

Visualization
80%
Importance

The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.

Arm-Hand Steadiness
75%
Importance

The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.

Visual Color Discrimination
75%
Importance

The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.

Near Vision
73%
Importance

The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Finger Dexterity
68%
Importance

The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.

Manual Dexterity
68%
Importance

The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.

Category Flexibility
63%
Importance

The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.

Oral Comprehension
63%
Importance

The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Top 10 Work Activities
Thinking Creatively
96%
Importance

Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

Getting Information
79%
Importance

Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work
75%
Importance

Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.

Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships
72%
Importance

Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.

Making Decisions and Solving Problems
72%
Importance

Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.

Interacting With Computers
70%
Importance

Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge
70%
Importance

Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.

Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings
68%
Importance

Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.

Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
67%
Importance

Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.

Handling and Moving Objects
64%
Importance

Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.

Detailed Work Activities

Develop artistic or design concepts for decoration, exhibition, or commercial purposes.

Collaborate with others to determine technical details of productions.

Present work to clients for approval.

Maintain records, documents, or other files.

Construct distinctive physical objects for artistic, functional, or commercial purposes.

Monitor current trends.

Conduct research to inform art, designs, or other work.

Research new technologies.

Draw detailed or technical illustrations.

Estimate costs for projects or productions.

Coordinate logistics for productions or events.

Determine technical requirements of productions or projects.

Apply finishes to artwork, crafts, or displays.

Build models, patterns, or templates.

Collaborate with others to prepare or perform artistic productions.

Entertain public with comedic or dramatic performances.

Create computer-generated graphics or animation.

Perform marketing activities.

Operate still or video cameras or related equipment.

Arrange artwork, products, or props.

Prepare materials for preservation, storage, or display.

Send information, materials or documentation.

Teach classes in area of specialization.

Work Context
Freedom to Make Decisions

How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?

Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls

How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?

Structured versus Unstructured Work

To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?

Indoors, Environmentally Controlled

How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?

Frequency of Decision Making

How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?

Electronic Mail

How often do you use electronic mail in this job?

Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets

How much does this job require wearing common protective or safety equipment such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?

Impact of Decisions on Co-workers or Company Results

What results do your decisions usually have on other people or the image or reputation or financial resources of your employer?

Importance of Being Exact or Accurate

How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?

Face-to-Face Discussions

How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?

Education
Majors
Major
Visual and Performing Arts, General
Art/Art Studies, General
Fine/Studio Arts, General
Drawing
Intermedia/Multimedia
Painting
Sculpture
Printmaking
Ceramic Arts and Ceramics
Fine Arts and Art Studies, Other
Community/Environmental/Socially-Engaged Art
Medical Illustration/Medical Illustrator
Interests
Artistic
100%
Importance

Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

Realistic
72%
Importance

Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

Enterprising
48%
Importance

Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

Investigative
39%
Importance

Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

Social
29%
Importance

Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

Conventional
15%
Importance

Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Top 10 Work Styles
Attention to Detail
97%
Importance

Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

Dependability
95%
Importance

Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

Integrity
91%
Importance

Job requires being honest and ethical.

Initiative
90%
Importance

Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

Adaptability/Flexibility
84%
Importance

Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

Stress Tolerance
84%
Importance

Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.

Persistence
83%
Importance

Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.

Self Control
83%
Importance

Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.

Independence
80%
Importance

Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

Innovation
80%
Importance

Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

Work Values
Achievement
81%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Independence
81%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Recognition
67%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Working Conditions
67%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Relationships
58%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

Support
29%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.