Music Directors

Direct and conduct instrumental or vocal performances by musical groups, such as orchestras or choirs.

Salary at 10th Percentile: $21,010
Median Salary: $50,590
Salary at 90th Percentile: $109,300

Use gestures to shape the music being played, communicating desired tempo, phrasing, tone, color, pitch, volume, and other performance aspects.

Direct groups at rehearsals and live or recorded performances to achieve desired effects such as tonal and harmonic balance dynamics, rhythm, and tempo.

Study scores to learn the music in detail, and to develop interpretations.

Consider such factors as ensemble size and abilities, availability of scores, and the need for musical variety, to select music to be performed.

Audition and select performers for musical presentations.

Plan and schedule rehearsals and performances, and arrange details such as locations, accompanists, and instrumentalists.

Position members within groups to obtain balance among instrumental or vocal sections.

Perform administrative tasks such as applying for grants, developing budgets, negotiating contracts, and designing and printing programs and other promotional materials.

Meet with soloists and concertmasters to discuss and prepare for performances.

Meet with composers to discuss interpretations of their work.

Conduct guest soloists in addition to ensemble members.

Assign and review staff work in such areas as scoring, arranging, and copying music, and vocal coaching.

Confer with clergy to select music for church services.

Transcribe musical compositions and melodic lines to adapt them to a particular group, or to create a particular musical style.

Technology
Example
Hot Technology
Video creation and editing software
Apple Final Cut Pro
Music or sound editing software
Apple MainStage
Presentation software
MediaShout
Spreadsheet software
Microsoft Excel
Office suite software
Microsoft Office
Electronic mail software
Microsoft Outlook
Desktop publishing software
Microsoft Publisher
Word processing software
Microsoft Word
Data base user interface and query software
Music Director Pro
Tool
Example
Hot Technology
Guitars
Acoustic guitars
Musical instrument digital interface MIDI interfaces
Audio interfaces
Laser printers
Computer laser printers
Conductors batons
Conducting batons
Photocopiers
Copy machines
Desktop computers
Desktop computers
Musical organs
Electronic organs
Musical instrument effects unit
Expression pedals
Portable hard disk storage device
External hard drives
Pen or flash drive
Flash drives
Bells
Handbells
Synthesizer
Keyboard synthesizers
Notebook computers
Laptop computers
Personal computers
Personal computers
Pianos
Pianos
Loudspeakers
Portable loudspeakers
Tablet computers
Tablet computers
Fine Arts
96%
Importance

Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

English Language
90%
Importance

Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

Education and Training
82%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

Philosophy and Theology
71%
Importance

Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.

Administration and Management
55%
Importance

Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

Customer and Personal Service
55%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

Personnel and Human Resources
53%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.

Computers and Electronics
52%
Importance

Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

Psychology
52%
Importance

Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

Clerical
51%
Importance

Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.

Instructing
78%
Importance

Teaching others how to do something.

Active Listening
69%
Importance

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Speaking
69%
Importance

Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Critical Thinking
69%
Importance

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Judgment and Decision Making
69%
Importance

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Monitoring
66%
Importance

Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Social Perceptiveness
66%
Importance

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

Coordination
66%
Importance

Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.

Systems Evaluation
63%
Importance

Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.

Learning Strategies
60%
Importance

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.

Hearing Sensitivity
78%
Importance

The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.

Oral Comprehension
75%
Importance

The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Oral Expression
75%
Importance

The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Fluency of Ideas
69%
Importance

The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).

Originality
69%
Importance

The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.

Auditory Attention
69%
Importance

The ability to focus on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.

Speech Clarity
69%
Importance

The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.

Speech Recognition
66%
Importance

The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.

Problem Sensitivity
63%
Importance

The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Written Comprehension
60%
Importance

The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships
93%
Importance

Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.

Thinking Creatively
84%
Importance

Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

Getting Information
81%
Importance

Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

Performing for or Working Directly with the Public
81%
Importance

Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.

Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
80%
Importance

Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.

Scheduling Work and Activities
80%
Importance

Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.

Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others
73%
Importance

Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.

Training and Teaching Others
71%
Importance

Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.

Judging the Qualities of Things, Services, or People
71%
Importance

Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.

Performing Administrative Activities
69%
Importance

Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.

Coordinate musical rehearsals or performances.

Determine presentation subjects or content.

Study details of musical compositions.

Confer with clients to determine needs.

Create musical compositions, arrangements or scores.

Audition or interview potential performers or staff members.

Select staff, team members, or performers.

Collaborate with others to prepare or perform artistic productions.

Coordinate artistic activities.

Design layout of art or product exhibits, displays, or promotional materials.

Negotiate for services.

Direct fundraising or financing activities.

Promote products, activities, or organizations.

Coordinate logistics for productions or events.

Collaborate with others to determine technical details of productions.

Face-to-Face Discussions

How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?

Electronic Mail

How often do you use electronic mail in this job?

Indoors, Environmentally Controlled

How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?

Freedom to Make Decisions

How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?

Work With Work Group or Team

How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?

Structured versus Unstructured Work

To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?

Public Speaking

How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?

Contact With Others

How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?

Deal With External Customers

How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?

Telephone

How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?

Major
Religious/Sacred Music
Music Performance, General
Music Theory and Composition
Musicology and Ethnomusicology
Voice and Opera
Music, Other
Music Management
Artistic

Score: 100 / 100

Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

Enterprising

Score: 81 / 100

Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

Social

Score: 67 / 100

Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

Realistic

Score: 38 / 100

Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

Investigative

Score: 33 / 100

Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

Conventional

Score: 29 / 100

Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Integrity
99%
Importance

Job requires being honest and ethical.

Concern for Others
94%
Importance

Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.

Cooperation
93%
Importance

Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

Dependability
91%
Importance

Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

Leadership
91%
Importance

Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.

Stress Tolerance
87%
Importance

Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.

Attention to Detail
86%
Importance

Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

Achievement/Effort
84%
Importance

Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.

Initiative
83%
Importance

Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

Independence
83%
Importance

Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

Achievement
86%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Relationships
86%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

Independence
76%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Recognition
67%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Working Conditions
62%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Support
48%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

Career
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Training and Development Specialists
Career/Technical Education Teachers, Middle School
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Training and Development Managers
Career/Technical Education Teachers, Secondary School
Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary
Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education