Photographers

Overview
Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
Experience

Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.

Education

Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

Job Training

Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.

Examples

These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include hydroelectric production managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, court reporters, and medical assistants.

Photograph people, landscapes, merchandise, or other subjects. May use lighting equipment to enhance a subject's appearance. May use editing software to produce finished images and prints. Includes commercial and industrial photographers, scientific photographers, and photojournalists.

Salary Salary

Salary at 10th Percentile: $22K
Salary at 25th Percentile: $28K
Median Salary: $41K
Salary at 75th Percentile: $62K
Salary at 90th Percentile: $86K

Demand
Career Demand by State Career Demand by State Legend
Core Tasks

Adjust apertures, shutter speeds, and camera focus according to a combination of factors, such as lighting, field depth, subject motion, film type, and film speed.

Create artificial light, using flashes and reflectors.

Determine desired images and picture composition, selecting and adjusting subjects, equipment, and lighting to achieve desired effects.

Transfer photographs to computers for editing, archiving, and electronic transmission.

Use traditional or digital cameras, along with a variety of equipment, such as tripods, filters, and flash attachments.

Manipulate and enhance scanned or digital images to create desired effects, using computers and specialized software.

Take pictures of individuals, families, and small groups, either in studio or on location.

Enhance, retouch, and resize photographs and negatives, using airbrushing and other techniques.

Test equipment prior to use to ensure that it is in good working order.

Estimate or measure light levels, distances, and numbers of exposures needed, using measuring devices and formulas.

Perform general office duties, such as scheduling appointments, keeping books, and ordering supplies.

Review sets of photographs to select the best work.

Set up, mount, or install photographic equipment and cameras.

Determine project goals, locations, and equipment needs by studying assignments and consulting with clients or advertising staff.

Perform maintenance tasks necessary to keep equipment working properly.

Select and assemble equipment and required background properties, according to subjects, materials, and conditions.

Direct activities of workers setting up photographic equipment.

Send film to photofinishing laboratories for processing.

Develop visual aids and charts for use in lectures or to present evidence in court.

Load and unload film.

Engage in research to develop new photographic procedures and materials.

Mount, frame, laminate, or lacquer finished photographs.

Photograph legal evidence at crime scenes, in hospitals, or in forensic laboratories.

Write photograph captions.

Set up photographic exhibitions for the purpose of displaying and selling work.

Produce computer-readable, digital images from film, using flatbed scanners and photofinishing laboratories.

Employ a variety of specialized photographic materials and techniques, including infrared and ultraviolet films, macro photography, photogrammetry and sensitometry.

License the use of photographs through stock photo agencies.

Develop and print exposed film, using chemicals, touch-up tools, and developing and printing equipment.

Technology Skills
Technology
Example
Hot Technology
Accounting software
Intuit QuickBooks
Calendar and scheduling software
Genbook
Data base user interface and query software
Microsoft Access
Desktop publishing software
Adobe Systems Adobe InDesign
Development environment software
Adobe Systems Adobe Creative Suite
Document management software
Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat
Electronic mail software
Email software
Graphics or photo imaging software
Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop
Instant messaging software
Twitter
Internet browser software
Web browser software
Office suite software
Google Drive
Operating system software
Apple macOS
Spreadsheet software
Microsoft Excel
Video creation and editing software
YouTube
Web page creation and editing software
Facebook
Word processing software
Microsoft Word
Tools Used
Tool
Example
Audio and visual presentation and composing equipment
Special effects projectors
Components for information technology or broadcasting or telecommunications
Flash memory data storage devices
Computer Equipment and Accessories
Optical media printers
Consumer electronics
Global positioning system GPS devices
Lighting Fixtures and Accessories
Bubble machines
Measuring and observing and testing instruments
Magnifier loupes
Office machines and their supplies and accessories
Label printers
Photographic filmmaking supplies
Darkroom timers
Photographic or filming or video equipment
Haze filters
Top 10 Knowledge Required
Customer and Personal Service
94%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

Sales and Marketing
90%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.

Computers and Electronics
84%
Importance

Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

Administration and Management
78%
Importance

Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

Communications and Media
75%
Importance

Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.

English Language
75%
Importance

Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

Fine Arts
71%
Importance

Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

Production and Processing
70%
Importance

Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.

Clerical
69%
Importance

Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.

Psychology
68%
Importance

Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

Top 10 Skills
Active Listening
75%
Importance

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Speaking
75%
Importance

Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Service Orientation
65%
Importance

Actively looking for ways to help people.

Active Learning
63%
Importance

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Complex Problem Solving
63%
Importance

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Critical Thinking
63%
Importance

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Judgment and Decision Making
63%
Importance

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Monitoring
63%
Importance

Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Reading Comprehension
63%
Importance

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Social Perceptiveness
63%
Importance

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

Top 10 Abilities
Near Vision
80%
Importance

The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Far Vision
78%
Importance

The ability to see details at a distance.

Oral Expression
78%
Importance

The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Originality
78%
Importance

The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.

Visualization
78%
Importance

The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.

Oral Comprehension
73%
Importance

The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Visual Color Discrimination
73%
Importance

The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.

Problem Sensitivity
68%
Importance

The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Fluency of Ideas
65%
Importance

The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).

Speech Clarity
65%
Importance

The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.

Top 10 Work Activities
Interacting With Computers
94%
Importance

Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

Thinking Creatively
92%
Importance

Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

Performing for or Working Directly with the Public
89%
Importance

Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.

Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships
87%
Importance

Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.

Selling or Influencing Others
86%
Importance

Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods or to otherwise change their minds or actions.

Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge
84%
Importance

Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.

Communicating with Persons Outside Organization
82%
Importance

Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.

Making Decisions and Solving Problems
82%
Importance

Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.

Scheduling Work and Activities
82%
Importance

Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.

Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work
81%
Importance

Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.

Detailed Work Activities

Convert data among multiple digital or analog formats.

Write informational material.

Operate still or video cameras or related equipment.

Set up still or video cameras or related equipment.

Determine technical requirements of productions or projects.

Review art or design materials.

Create computer-generated graphics or animation.

Maintain recording or broadcasting equipment.

Maintain records, documents, or other files.

Maintain inventories of materials, equipment, or products.

Confer with clients to determine needs.

Select materials or props.

Apply finishes to artwork, crafts, or displays.

Coordinate activities of production personnel.

Research new technologies.

Arrange artwork, products, or props.

Obtain copyrights or other legal permissions.

Construct distinctive physical objects for artistic, functional, or commercial purposes.

Work Context
Electronic Mail

How often do you use electronic mail in this job?

Telephone

How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?

Level of Competition

To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?

Contact With Others

How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?

Face-to-Face Discussions

How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?

Deal With External Customers

How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?

Freedom to Make Decisions

How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?

Indoors, Environmentally Controlled

How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?

Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls

How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?

Frequency of Decision Making

How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?

Education
Majors
Major
Journalism
Visual and Performing Arts, General
Design and Applied Arts
Film/Video and Photographic Arts
Fine and Studio Arts
Interests
Artistic
86%
Importance

Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

Realistic
67%
Importance

Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

Enterprising
48%
Importance

Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

Social
34%
Importance

Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

Investigative
29%
Importance

Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

Conventional
19%
Importance

Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Top 10 Work Styles
Dependability
97%
Importance

Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

Integrity
96%
Importance

Job requires being honest and ethical.

Attention to Detail
93%
Importance

Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

Concern for Others
88%
Importance

Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.

Self Control
87%
Importance

Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.

Adaptability/Flexibility
85%
Importance

Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

Cooperation
85%
Importance

Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

Initiative
85%
Importance

Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

Achievement/Effort
79%
Importance

Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.

Social Orientation
79%
Importance

Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.

Work Values
Independence
72%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Relationships
67%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

Achievement
62%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Recognition
53%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Working Conditions
50%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Support
39%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.