Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include hydroelectric production managers, travel guides, electricians, agricultural technicians, barbers, court reporters, and medical assistants.
Directly supervise and coordinate the activities of agricultural, forestry, aquacultural, and related workers.
Salary at 10th Percentile: $31K
Salary at 25th Percentile: $38K
Median Salary: $50K
Salary at 75th Percentile: $66K
Salary at 90th Percentile: $83K
Assign tasks such as feeding and treatment of animals, and cleaning and maintenance of animal quarters.
Record the numbers and types of fish or shellfish reared, harvested, released, sold, and shipped.
Monitor workers to ensure that safety regulations are followed, warning or disciplining those who violate safety regulations.
Observe animals for signs of illness, injury, or unusual behavior, notifying veterinarians or managers as warranted.
Observe fish and beds or ponds to detect diseases, monitor fish growth, determine quality of fish, or determine completeness of harvesting.
Train workers in tree felling or bucking, operation of tractors or loading machines, yarding or loading techniques, or safety regulations.
Train workers in spawning, rearing, cultivating, and harvesting methods, and in the use of equipment.
Treat animal illnesses or injuries, following experience or instructions of veterinarians.
Train workers in techniques such as planting, harvesting, weeding, or insect identification and in the use of safety measures.
Communicate with forestry personnel regarding forest harvesting or forest management plans, procedures, or schedules.
Confer with managers to evaluate weather or soil conditions, to develop plans or procedures, or to discuss issues such as changes in fertilizers, herbicides, or cultivating techniques.
Inspect crops, fields, or plant stock to determine conditions and need for cultivating, spraying, weeding, or harvesting.
Coordinate dismantling, moving, and setting up equipment at new work sites.
Coordinate the selection and movement of logs from storage areas, according to transportation schedules or production requirements.
Schedule work crews, equipment, or transportation for several different work locations.
Drive or operate farm machinery, such as trucks, tractors, or self-propelled harvesters, to transport workers or supplies or to cultivate or harvest fields.
Perform both supervisory and management functions, such as accounting, marketing, and personnel work.
Transport or arrange for transport of animals, equipment, food, animal feed, and other supplies to and from work sites.
Inspect buildings, fences, fields or ranges, supplies, and equipment to determine work to be performed.
Read inventory records, customer orders, or shipping schedules to determine required activities.
Confer with managers to determine production requirements, conditions of equipment and supplies, and work schedules.
Inspect facilities to determine maintenance needs.
Prepare and maintain time or payroll reports, as well as details of personnel actions, such as performance evaluations, hires, promotions, or disciplinary actions.
Requisition or purchase supplies, such as insecticides, machine parts or lubricants, or tools.
Issue equipment, such as farm implements, machinery, ladders, or containers to workers, and collect equipment when work is complete.
Monitor or oversee construction projects, such as horticultural buildings or irrigation systems.
Calculate or monitor budgets for maintenance or development of collections, grounds, or infrastructure.
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
Managing one's own time and the time of others.
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
The ability to see details at a distance.
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
Assign duties or work schedules to employees.
Record agricultural or forestry inventory data.
Inspect products or operations to ensure that standards are met.
Monitor animal behavior or condition.
Train workers in farming, forestry, or hunting techniques.
Treat animal injuries or illnesses.
Confer with managers to make operational decisions.
Communicate with other workers to coordinate activities.
Evaluate quality of plants or crops.
Coordinate forestry or agricultural activities.
Schedule agricultural or forestry work.
Operate farming equipment.
Direct activities of agricultural, forestry, or fishery employees.
Transport animals, crops, or equipment.
Inspect equipment or facilities to determine condition or maintenance needs.
Monitor organizational processes.
Maintain personnel records.
Maintain inventories of materials, equipment, or products.
Monitor financial activities.
Maintain forestry, hunting, or agricultural equipment.
Direct technical activities or operations.
Monitor operational quality or safety.
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
Job requires being honest and ethical.
Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.