Sociologists

Study human society and social behavior by examining the groups and social institutions that people form, as well as various social, religious, political, and business organizations. May study the behavior and interaction of groups, trace their origin and growth, and analyze the influence of group activities on individual members.

Salary at 10th Percentile: $38,710
Median Salary: $79,650
Salary at 90th Percentile: $141,450

Analyze and interpret data to increase the understanding of human social behavior.

Collect data about the attitudes, values, and behaviors of people in groups, using observation, interviews, and review of documents.

Prepare publications and reports containing research findings.

Plan and conduct research to develop and test theories about societal issues such as crime, group relations, poverty, and aging.

Teach sociology.

Develop, implement, and evaluate methods of data collection, such as questionnaires or interviews.

Present research findings at professional meetings.

Develop approaches to the solution of groups' problems, based on research findings in sociology and related disciplines.

Direct work of statistical clerks, statisticians, and others who compile and evaluate research data.

Observe group interactions and role affiliations to collect data, identify problems, evaluate progress, and determine the need for additional change.

Consult with and advise individuals such as administrators, social workers, and legislators regarding social issues and policies, as well as the implications of research findings.

Develop problem intervention procedures, using techniques such as interviews, consultations, role playing, and participant observation of group interactions.

Collaborate with research workers in other disciplines.

Technology
Example
Hot Technology
Document management software
Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat
Web page creation and editing software
Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver
Graphics or photo imaging software
Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop
Analytical or scientific software
ATLAS.ti
Data base user interface and query software
Data entry software
Object oriented data base management software
Database management system DBMS
Electronic mail software
Email software
Map creation software
ESRI ArcGIS software
Word processing software
Helios TextPad
Spreadsheet software
Microsoft Excel
Office suite software
Microsoft Office
Presentation software
Microsoft PowerPoint
Project management software
Microsoft Project
Desktop publishing software
Microsoft Publisher
Information retrieval or search software
Online reference databases
Object or component oriented development software
R
Internet browser software
Web browser software
Tool
Example
Hot Technology
Scanners
Computer data input scanners
Laser printers
Computer laser printers
Desktop computers
Desktop computers
Digital voice recorders
Digital audio recorders
Digital camcorders or video cameras
Digital video recorders
Personal computers
Personal computers
Tablet computers
Tablet computers
Videoconferencing systems
Videoconferencing equipment
Sociology and Anthropology
100%
Importance

Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.

English Language
86%
Importance

Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

Education and Training
78%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

Mathematics
62%
Importance

Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

Computers and Electronics
50%
Importance

Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

History and Archeology
50%
Importance

Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.

Law and Government
49%
Importance

Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.

Communications and Media
48%
Importance

Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.

Psychology
47%
Importance

Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

Administration and Management
42%
Importance

Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

Reading Comprehension
78%
Importance

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Active Listening
75%
Importance

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Writing
75%
Importance

Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Social Perceptiveness
75%
Importance

Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

Speaking
72%
Importance

Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Critical Thinking
72%
Importance

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Active Learning
72%
Importance

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Learning Strategies
69%
Importance

Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.

Judgment and Decision Making
69%
Importance

Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

Monitoring
66%
Importance

Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Written Comprehension
81%
Importance

The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Oral Expression
81%
Importance

The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Oral Comprehension
78%
Importance

The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Written Expression
78%
Importance

The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Inductive Reasoning
72%
Importance

The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

Speech Clarity
72%
Importance

The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.

Speech Recognition
66%
Importance

The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.

Near Vision
63%
Importance

The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Originality
56%
Importance

The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.

Problem Sensitivity
56%
Importance

The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

Analyzing Data or Information
96%
Importance

Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

Getting Information
94%
Importance

Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

Interacting With Computers
90%
Importance

Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others
89%
Importance

Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.

Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge
88%
Importance

Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.

Training and Teaching Others
86%
Importance

Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.

Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
85%
Importance

Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.

Processing Information
85%
Importance

Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.

Thinking Creatively
83%
Importance

Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

Making Decisions and Solving Problems
73%
Importance

Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.

Present research results to others.

Prepare scientific or technical reports or presentations.

Conduct research on social issues.

Interpret research or operational data.

Plan social sciences research.

Collect information from people through observation, interviews, or surveys.

Develop methods of social or economic research.

Instruct college students in social sciences or humanities disciplines.

Supervise scientific or technical personnel.

Advise others on matters of public policy.

Coordinate cross-disciplinary research programs.

Design psychological or educational treatment procedures or programs.

Structured versus Unstructured Work

To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?

Freedom to Make Decisions

How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?

Electronic Mail

How often do you use electronic mail in this job?

Face-to-Face Discussions

How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?

Indoors, Environmentally Controlled

How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?

Level of Competition

To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?

Spend Time Sitting

How much does this job require sitting?

Letters and Memos

How often does the job require written letters and memos?

Contact With Others

How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?

Telephone

How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?

Major
Criminology
Sociology, General
Urban Studies/Affairs
Investigative

Score: 100 / 100

Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

Artistic

Score: 76 / 100

Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

Social

Score: 67 / 100

Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

Conventional

Score: 38 / 100

Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Realistic

Score: 24 / 100

Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

Enterprising

Score: 24 / 100

Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

Analytical Thinking
99%
Importance

Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.

Achievement/Effort
93%
Importance

Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.

Persistence
93%
Importance

Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.

Integrity
92%
Importance

Job requires being honest and ethical.

Initiative
89%
Importance

Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

Independence
88%
Importance

Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

Attention to Detail
77%
Importance

Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

Innovation
77%
Importance

Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

Dependability
75%
Importance

Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

Self Control
74%
Importance

Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.

Achievement
81%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Independence
81%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Recognition
76%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Working Conditions
74%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Relationships
48%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

Support
38%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

Career
Atmospheric, Earth, Marine, and Space Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary
Economics Teachers, Postsecondary
Forestry and Conservation Science Teachers, Postsecondary
Library Science Teachers, Postsecondary
Environmental Science Teachers, Postsecondary
Economists
History Teachers, Postsecondary
Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Postsecondary
Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary
Law Teachers, Postsecondary