Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include pharmacists, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, neurologists, and veterinarians.
Develop instructional material, coordinate educational content, and incorporate current technology into instruction in order to provide guidelines to educators and instructors for developing curricula and conducting courses. May train and coach teachers. Includes educational consultants and specialists, and instructional material directors.
Salary at 10th Percentile: $39K
Salary at 25th Percentile: $51K
Median Salary: $66K
Salary at 75th Percentile: $86K
Salary at 90th Percentile: $105K
Observe work of teaching staff to evaluate performance and to recommend changes that could strengthen teaching skills.
Interpret and enforce provisions of state education codes and rules and regulations of state education boards.
Plan and conduct teacher training programs and conferences dealing with new classroom procedures, instructional materials and equipment, and teaching aids.
Conduct or participate in workshops, committees, and conferences designed to promote the intellectual, social, and physical welfare of students.
Advise teaching and administrative staff in curriculum development, use of materials and equipment, and implementation of state and federal programs and procedures.
Advise and teach students.
Prepare grant proposals, budgets, and program policies and goals or assist in their preparation.
Recommend, order, or authorize purchase of instructional materials, supplies, equipment, and visual aids designed to meet student educational needs and district standards.
Update the content of educational programs to ensure that students are being trained with equipment and processes that are technologically current.
Address public audiences to explain program objectives and to elicit support.
Research, evaluate, and prepare recommendations on curricula, instructional methods, and materials for school systems.
Prepare or approve manuals, guidelines, and reports on state educational policies and practices for distribution to school districts.
Coordinate activities of workers engaged in cataloging, distributing, and maintaining educational materials and equipment in curriculum libraries and laboratories.
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
Teaching others how to do something.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
Evaluate performance of educational staff.
Train staff members.
Enforce rules or policies governing student behavior.
Serve on institutional or departmental committees.
Advise educators on curricula, instructional methods, or policies.
Advise students on academic or career matters.
Order instructional or library materials or equipment.
Modify teaching methods or materials to accommodate student needs.
Promote educational institutions or programs.
Evaluate effectiveness of educational programs.
Research topics in area of expertise.
Write grant proposals.
Organize informational materials.
Direct activities of subordinates.
Assess educational needs of students.
Develop instructional objectives.
Create technology-based learning materials.
Develop instructional materials.
Teach others to use technology or equipment.
How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Job requires being honest and ethical.
Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.