Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include pharmacists, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, neurologists, and veterinarians.
Teach courses pertaining to the chemical and physical properties and compositional changes of substances. Work may include providing instruction in the methods of qualitative and quantitative chemical analysis. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching, and those who do a combination of teaching and research.
Salary at 10th Percentile: $47K
Salary at 25th Percentile: $60K
Median Salary: $80K
Salary at 75th Percentile: $114K
Salary at 90th Percentile: $163K
Prepare and deliver lectures to undergraduate or graduate students on topics such as organic chemistry, analytical chemistry, and chemical separation.
Establish, teach, and monitor students' compliance with safety rules for handling chemicals, equipment, and other hazardous materials.
Evaluate and grade students' class work, laboratory performance, assignments, and papers.
Supervise students' laboratory work.
Maintain student attendance records, grades, and other required records.
Supervise undergraduate or graduate teaching, internship, and research work.
Compile, administer, and grade examinations, or assign this work to others.
Prepare course materials, such as syllabi, homework assignments, and handouts.
Plan, evaluate, and revise curricula, course content, and course materials and methods of instruction.
Maintain regularly scheduled office hours to advise and assist students.
Conduct research in a particular field of knowledge and publish findings in professional journals, books, or electronic media.
Initiate, facilitate, and moderate classroom discussions.
Keep abreast of developments in the field by reading current literature, talking with colleagues, and participating in professional conferences.
Advise students on academic and vocational curricula and on career issues.
Select, order, and maintain materials and supplies for teaching and research, such as textbooks, chemicals, and laboratory equipment.
Write grant proposals to procure external research funding.
Perform administrative duties, such as serving as a department head.
Collaborate with colleagues to address teaching and research issues.
Prepare and submit required reports related to instruction.
Write letters of recommendation for students.
Serve on academic or administrative committees that deal with institutional policies, departmental matters, and academic issues.
Clean laboratory facilities.
Participate in student recruitment, registration, and placement activities.
Serve on committees or in professional societies.
Participate in campus and community events.
Act as advisers to student organizations.
Compile bibliographies of specialized materials for outside reading assignments.
Provide professional consulting services to government or industry.
Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
Teach physical science or mathematics courses at the college level.
Monitor student performance.
Establish rules or policies governing student behavior.
Teach others to use technology or equipment.
Evaluate student work.
Supervise laboratory work.
Maintain student records.
Supervise student research or internship work.
Administer tests to assess educational needs or progress.
Develop instructional materials.
Evaluate effectiveness of educational programs.
Develop instructional objectives.
Advise students on academic or career matters.
Research topics in area of expertise.
Write articles, books or other original materials in area of expertise.
Guide class discussions.
Stay informed about current developments in field of specialization.
Attend training sessions or professional meetings to develop or maintain professional knowledge.
Write grant proposals.
Select educational materials or equipment.
Maintain inventories of materials, equipment, or products.
Order instructional or library materials or equipment.
Write reports or evaluations.
Prepare reports detailing student activities or performance.
Serve on institutional or departmental committees.
Clean facilities or work areas.
Decontaminate equipment or sites to remove hazardous or toxic substances.
Promote educational institutions or programs.
Perform student enrollment or registration activities.
Direct department activities.
Plan community programs or activities for the general public.
Compile specialized bibliographies or lists of materials.
Advise educators on curricula, instructional methods, or policies.
How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?
How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?
How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
How much responsibility is there for the health and safety of others in this job?
How often do you have to perform public speaking in this job?
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
Job requires being honest and ethical.
Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.
Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.