Sound Engineering Technicians

Operate machines and equipment to record, synchronize, mix, or reproduce music, voices, or sound effects in sporting arenas, theater productions, recording studios, or movie and video productions.

Salary at 10th Percentile: $25,880
Median Salary: $55,810
Salary at 90th Percentile: $125,230

Confer with producers, performers, and others to determine and achieve the desired sound for a production, such as a musical recording or a film.

Prepare for recording sessions by performing activities such as selecting and setting up microphones.

Record speech, music, and other sounds on recording media, using recording equipment.

Regulate volume level and sound quality during recording sessions, using control consoles.

Separate instruments, vocals, and other sounds, and combine sounds later during the mixing or postproduction stage.

Mix and edit voices, music, and taped sound effects for live performances and for prerecorded events, using sound mixing boards.

Keep logs of recordings.

Report equipment problems and ensure that required repairs are made.

Set up, test, and adjust recording equipment for recording sessions and live performances.

Synchronize and equalize prerecorded dialogue, music, and sound effects with visual action of motion pictures or television productions, using control consoles.

Convert video and audio recordings into digital formats for editing or archiving.

Reproduce and duplicate sound recordings from original recording media, using sound editing and duplication equipment.

Tear down equipment after event completion.

Technology
Example
Hot Technology
Video creation and editing software
Apple Final Cut Pro
Computer aided design CAD software
Autodesk AutoCAD
Music or sound editing software
Avid Technology Pro Tools
Operating system software
Cisco IOS
Data base user interface and query software
Data entry software
Spreadsheet software
Microsoft Excel
Office suite software
Microsoft Office
Graphics or photo imaging software
Microsoft Visio
Tool
Example
Hot Technology
Equalizers
1/3 octave equalizers
Loudspeakers
Amplifiers
Audio mixing consoles
Audio compressors
Attenuators
Audio filters
Voltage or current meters
Cable testers
Microphones
Condenser microphones
Desktop computers
Desktop computers
Digital voice recorders
Digital audio recorders
Oscilloscopes
Digital oscilloscopes
Notebook computers
Laptop computers
Cassette players or recorders
Multitrack tape recording machines
Musical instrument digital interface MIDI interfaces
Musical instrument digital interface MIDI sequencers
Personal computers
Personal computers
Multimeters
Polarity checkers
Soldering iron
Soldering irons
Intercom systems
Studio intercom systems
Ohmmeters
Volt-ohm meters VOM
Radio frequency transmitters or receivers
Wireless receivers
Computers and Electronics
86%
Importance

Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

Communications and Media
71%
Importance

Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.

Customer and Personal Service
70%
Importance

Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

Engineering and Technology
69%
Importance

Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.

Fine Arts
66%
Importance

Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

English Language
57%
Importance

Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

Telecommunications
52%
Importance

Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.

Psychology
51%
Importance

Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

Production and Processing
47%
Importance

Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.

Administration and Management
43%
Importance

Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

Active Listening
66%
Importance

Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Speaking
66%
Importance

Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Reading Comprehension
63%
Importance

Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

Critical Thinking
63%
Importance

Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Monitoring
60%
Importance

Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Writing
56%
Importance

Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Complex Problem Solving
56%
Importance

Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Operation Monitoring
56%
Importance

Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.

Active Learning
53%
Importance

Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

Coordination
53%
Importance

Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.

Oral Expression
69%
Importance

The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Near Vision
69%
Importance

The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

Oral Comprehension
66%
Importance

The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

Written Expression
66%
Importance

The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Written Comprehension
63%
Importance

The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

Information Ordering
63%
Importance

The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

Selective Attention
63%
Importance

The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.

Hearing Sensitivity
63%
Importance

The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.

Speech Recognition
63%
Importance

The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.

Speech Clarity
63%
Importance

The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.

Interacting With Computers
93%
Importance

Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

Thinking Creatively
88%
Importance

Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships
86%
Importance

Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.

Making Decisions and Solving Problems
83%
Importance

Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.

Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge
79%
Importance

Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.

Documenting/Recording Information
79%
Importance

Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.

Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
77%
Importance

Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.

Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings
75%
Importance

Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.

Getting Information
74%
Importance

Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work
73%
Importance

Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.

Convert data among multiple digital or analog formats.

Operate audio recording equipment.

Collaborate with others to determine technical details of productions.

Operate control consoles for sound, lighting or video.

Select materials or props.

Notify others of equipment problems.

Mix sound inputs.

Maintain logs of production activities.

Face-to-Face Discussions

How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?

Indoors, Environmentally Controlled

How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?

Electronic Mail

How often do you use electronic mail in this job?

Telephone

How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?

Time Pressure

How often does this job require the worker to meet strict deadlines?

Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls

How much does this job require using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?

Level of Competition

To what extent does this job require the worker to compete or to be aware of competitive pressures?

Freedom to Make Decisions

How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?

Work With Work Group or Team

How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?

Contact With Others

How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?

Major
Recording Arts Technology/Technician
Realistic

Score: 95 / 100

Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

Artistic

Score: 71 / 100

Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

Conventional

Score: 52 / 100

Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Enterprising

Score: 48 / 100

Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

Investigative

Score: 38 / 100

Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

Social

Score: 14 / 100

Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

Attention to Detail
95%
Importance

Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

Dependability
93%
Importance

Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

Cooperation
92%
Importance

Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.

Stress Tolerance
86%
Importance

Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.

Adaptability/Flexibility
85%
Importance

Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

Persistence
83%
Importance

Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.

Self Control
83%
Importance

Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.

Achievement/Effort
82%
Importance

Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.

Initiative
80%
Importance

Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.

Innovation
79%
Importance

Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

Independence
86%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

Relationships
81%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

Achievement
76%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

Working Conditions
69%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

Recognition
67%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

Support
43%
Importance

Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

Career
Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers
Museum Technicians and Conservators
Photographers
Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators
Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture
Commercial and Industrial Designers
Multimedia Artists and Animators
Chefs and Head Cooks
Music Composers and Arrangers
Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance