Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. Very advanced communication and organizational skills are required. Examples include pharmacists, lawyers, astronomers, biologists, clergy, neurologists, and veterinarians.
Plan, direct, or coordinate the academic, administrative, or auxiliary activities of kindergarten, elementary, or secondary schools.
Salary at 10th Percentile: $65K
Salary at 25th Percentile: $78K
Median Salary: $98K
Salary at 75th Percentile: $124K
Salary at 90th Percentile: $152K
Evaluate curricula, teaching methods, and programs to determine their effectiveness, efficiency, and use, and to ensure that school activities comply with federal, state, and local regulations.
Observe teaching methods and examine learning materials to evaluate and standardize curricula and teaching techniques, and to determine areas where improvement is needed.
Counsel and provide guidance to students regarding personal, academic, vocational, or behavioral issues.
Collaborate with teachers to develop and maintain curriculum standards, develop mission statements, and set performance goals and objectives.
Direct and coordinate activities of teachers, administrators, and support staff at schools, public agencies, and institutions.
Recruit, hire, train, and evaluate primary and supplemental staff.
Confer with parents and staff to discuss educational activities, policies, and student behavioral or learning problems.
Create school improvement plans by using student performance data.
Enforce discipline and attendance rules.
Mentor and support administrative staff members, such as superintendents and principals.
Set educational standards and goals, and help establish policies and procedures to carry them out.
Plan and lead professional development activities for teachers, administrators, and support staff.
Participate in special education-related activities, such as attending meetings and providing support to special educators throughout the district.
Determine the scope of educational program offerings, and prepare drafts of course schedules and descriptions to estimate staffing and facility requirements.
Plan and develop instructional methods and content for educational, vocational, or student activity programs.
Prepare and submit budget requests and recommendations, or grant proposals to solicit program funding.
Recommend personnel actions related to programs and services.
Review and approve new programs, or recommend modifications to existing programs, submitting program proposals for school board approval as necessary.
Develop partnerships with businesses, communities, and other organizations to help meet identified educational needs and to provide school-to-work programs.
Establish, coordinate, and oversee particular programs across school districts, such as programs to evaluate student academic achievement.
Review and interpret government codes, and develop programs to ensure adherence to codes and facility safety, security, and maintenance.
Coordinate and direct extracurricular activities and programs, such as after-school events and athletic contests.
Determine allocations of funds for staff, supplies, materials, and equipment, and authorize purchases.
Direct and coordinate school maintenance services and the use of school facilities.
Organize and direct committees of specialists, volunteers, and staff to provide technical and advisory assistance for programs.
Advocate for new schools to be built, or for existing facilities to be repaired or remodeled.
Plan, coordinate, and oversee school logistics programs, such as bus and food services.
Teach classes or courses to students.
Meet with federal, state, and local agencies to keep updated on policies and to discuss improvements for education programs.
Prepare, maintain, or oversee the preparation and maintenance of attendance, activity, planning, or personnel reports and records.
Collect and analyze survey data, regulatory information, and data on demographic and employment trends to forecast enrollment patterns and curriculum change needs.
Write articles, manuals, and other publications, and assist in the distribution of promotional literature about facilities and programs.
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
Performing day-to-day administrative tasks such as maintaining information files and processing paperwork.
Handling complaints, settling disputes, and resolving grievances and conflicts, or otherwise negotiating with others.
Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
Determine operational compliance with regulations or standards.
Evaluate program effectiveness.
Support the professional development of others.
Advise others on career or personal development.
Develop educational goals, standards, policies, or procedures.
Conduct employee training programs.
Evaluate student work.
Analyze data to inform operational decisions or activities.
Develop organizational policies or programs.
Prepare financial documents, reports, or budgets.
Prepare proposals or grant applications to obtain project funding.
Advise others on business or operational matters.
Prepare forms or applications.
Recommend organizational process or policy changes.
Establish interpersonal business relationships to facilitate work activities.
Develop safety standards, policies, or procedures.
Develop operating strategies, plans, or procedures.
Prepare operational budgets.
Direct facility maintenance or repair activities.
Maintain personnel records.
Prepare operational progress or status reports.
Direct organizational operations, projects, or services.
Coordinate special events or programs.
Manage outreach activities.
Promote products, services, or programs.
Teach classes in area of specialization.
Maintain knowledge of current developments in area of expertise.
Coordinate operational activities with external stakeholders.
Develop promotional materials.
Conduct opinion surveys or needs assessments.
Analyze forecasting data to improve business decisions.
How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?
How often do you use electronic mail in this job?
How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?
How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?
How important is it to work with others in a group or team in this job?
How much does this job require the worker to be in contact with others (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) in order to perform it?
How important is it to work with external customers or the public in this job?
How frequently is the worker required to make decisions that affect other people, the financial resources, and/or the image and reputation of the organization?
How important is it to coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities in this job?
How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Job requires being honest and ethical.
Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.